Monthly Archive January 2015

What Causes Vitamin E Deficiency * Symptoms & Remedies

Vitamin E is a fat soluble vitamin. It is an important vitamin required for the proper function of many organs in the body. It is also an antioxidant. Lack of Vitamin E occurs rarely but deficiency can cause some serious illness. Even over doses of Vitamin E will cause serious troubles.

Vitamin EWhat are the Symptoms of Vitamin E Deficiency?

Vitamin E deficiency affects the general health and skin health. Vitamin E deficiency is rare in humans. This is due to the fact that the body does not require large amounts of vitamin E to function properly and because vitamin E is available from many foods that are consumed by most of the people on a daily basis

  • Nerve degeneration in the hands and feet
  • Poor transmission of nerve impulses leading to a number of neurological problems including shaky movements.
  • Retina degeneration
  • Loss of muscle mass
  • Ruptured red blood cells
  • Abnormal fat deposits
  • Impaired vision
  • Abnormal eye movements
  • Eye muscle paralysis
  • Muscle weakness and poor muscle coordination, poor reflexes, poor balance
  • Appearance of age spots on the skin
  • In severe cases, the person may not being able to walk at all
  • In more severe cases, vitamin E deficiency can compromise the function of the liver and kidneys
  • Vitamin E deficiency has been associated with serial miscarriages and premature deliver in pregnant women

What Causes Vitamin E Deficiency?

  • People on no fat or very low fat diets might be susceptible to a vitamin E deficiency
  • Crohn’s disease and cystic fibrosis affect the normal digestion process and absorption of nutrients results in vitamin E deficiency
  • Zinc deficiency can lead to low level of vitamin D in the blood
  • Other individuals at risk of developing vitamin E deficiency are malnourishing individuals, older than 55 years of age, individuals under constant stress for a long period of time, individuals suffering with pancreatic, liver, gall bladder diseases and drug and alcohol abusers

Read about Health Benefits of Vitamin E

How to Overcome Vitamin E Deficiency?

  • Eat well balanced diet
  • In the cases where individuals have a health problems that prevents the absorption of vitamin E then vitamin E injections or supplements are recommended

What are the Symptoms of Vitamin E overdose?

Vitamin E is likely safe for most healthy people when taken by mouth or applied to the skin. Vitamin E is possibly unsafe if taken by mouth in high doses. High doses might increases the chance of death and possibly cause other serious side effects. When the dose is higher the risk of serious side effects are increase. The high doses of vitamin E can cause

  • Over dose of vitamin E might increase the chance of having a serious stroke called hemorrhagic stroke, which is bleeding into the brain.
  • Increase the risk for death in people with a history of stroke. People with history of stroke should avoid high doses of vitamin E
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Rash, bruising and bleeding
  • There has been some concern that taking vitamin E supplements might be harmful to the fetus when taken in early pregnancy without doctors suggestion

 

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Health Benefits of Vitamin E – Sources & Function

Vitamin E is a fat soluble vitamin. It is an important vitamin required for the proper function of many organs in the body. It is also an antioxidant. As an antioxidant, vitamin E provides some protection against heart disease, cancer, atherosclerosis, inflammatory diseases like arthritis and other effects of aging. Antioxidants provide protection against diseases and conditions that are associated with aging by preventing free radicals from damaging cells of the skin, eyes, liver, heart and other bodily organs.

What are the Functions of Vitamin E?

  • Acts as an antioxidant, preventing the damage done by oxidation of nutrients and other chemicals in the body
  • Supports healthy skin and assists in cell production
  • Inhibits platelet aggregation
  • Vitamin E also protects lipids and prevents the oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • It is also important in the formation of red blood cells and it helps the body use vitamin k. It also helps widen blood vessels and keep blood from clotting inside the vessels
  • Specifically it seems to prevent damage to the eyes from the age related macular degeneration, reduce the risk of heart diseases and helps prevent the certain cancers
  • Helps control blood sugar and cholesterol levels in people with type 2 diabetes and may help prevent damage to the eyes and nerves
  • Involves in immune function- as a part of the immune system vitamin E enhances antibody formation

What are the Health Benefits of Vitamin E?

  • Prevent the diseases of heart and blood vessels including hardening of the arteries, heart attack, chest pain, leg pain due to blocked arteries and high blood pressure
  • Used for treating diabetes and its complications.
  • It is used to prevent cancer particularly lung and oral cancer in smokers
  • Skin care:-vitamin E can aid in the treatment of various skin conditions. Topical applications are used to treat psoriasis. Orally ingested vitamin E can help in treating the erythema. Erythema is a skin infection results in reddish, painful and tender lumps.
  • Treatment of scars:-this is one of the more controversial benefits of vitamin E. Initially, it was thought that vitamin E was very beneficial in the treatment of scarring and healing of skin from various damages such as burns. Some recent research has questioned this benefit of vitamin E
  • Prevention of skin cancer:-one of the most important benefit of vitamin E is sun protection quality which reduce the skin damage due to sun
  • For skin care, more benefit is obtained from topical application of vitamin E through creams or lotions rather than taking vitamin E orally. Skin is able to absorb natural vitamin A effectively. However, taking vitamin E orally is important for the good health
  • Vitamin E is used for the treatment of brain and nervous system including Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias, Parkinson’s disease, night cramps, restless leg syndrome, epilepsy
  • Vitamin E products help reduce the appearance of stretch marks
  • Prevent and appearance of the age spots
  • It helps in maintaining the skins oil balance during the cleansing process
  • It reduces transepidermal water loss from skin and strengthens the skins barrier function
  • Prevents the complications in late pregnancy due to high blood pressure, premenstrual syndrome, painful periods, menopausal syndrome
  • Improve physical endurance, increase energy, reduce muscle damage after exercise and improve muscle strength
  • Also used for cataracts, asthma, respiratory infections, skin disorders, sunburns, cystic fibrosis, infertility, impotence, peptic ulcers and certain inherited diseases
  • Inhibits the growth of cancer cells in cancers associated with hormonal causes such as prostate cancer, breast cancer
  • Improves the speed of healing wounds
  • Reduce scars from wounds and injuries
  • Sometimes vitamin E is used to lessen the harmful effects of medical treatment such as dialysis and radiation
  • Helpful in treating lupus, rheumatoid arthritis
  • Topical vitamin E promotes good blood circulation and prevent the formation of blood clots especially in diabetic patients

Read Vitamin E Deficiency Causes & Symptoms

How to Get Vitamin E? Sources of Vitamin E

The foods containing vitamin E are not difficult to find. Vitamin E sources are common and easily available foods. Vitamin E is normally associated with topical skin care creams, lotions, ointments and other products, but it is also important to have the required vitamin E in your diet.

Sources:-

  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Vegetable oils-soybean oil, sunflower oil, wheat germ oil, corn oil
  • Nuts-almonds, hazelnuts, peanuts, pista
  • Fruits-papaya, avocado, mango blue berries, apples
  • Vegetables-sweet potato, asparagus, spinach, turnip greens, mustard greens
  • Fortified cereals
  • Other sources are sunflower seeds, olives, pasta, egg

Vitamin EThe effectiveness of vitamin E for health and skin care can be reduced when vitamin E foods are cooked, processed, improperly stored for long periods of time. Raw, fresh, minimally processed foods are best sources for vitamin E.

What is the daily recommended intake value for vitamin E?

The RDA values for vitamin E vary by age not by gender. For 0-6months-4mg, 7-12 months-5mg, 1-3 years- 6mg, 4 -8 years-7mg, 9-13 years-11mg, above 14 years-15mg. Breast feeding women should get 19 mg.

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How to Use Mouthwash? Uses & Side Effects of Mouth Rinse

Mouth wash is also known as mouth rinse or oral rinse. The traditional purpose of mouth wash is to eliminate the bad breath but now there are therapeutic mouth washes available that help in reducing the bacteria in the mouth. Mouth wash is not meant to be a substitute for proper oral hygiene techniques. If you are interest in using mouth wash as a part of your oral hygiene routine, ask your dentist which type of mouth wash is right for you.

Mouth washes now come in a variety of flavors such as mint flavor, citrus flavor and formulations include ingredients for tartar control and tooth whitening

123dentist.com

Image Credit: 123dentist.com

What is the composition of mouth wash?

Each commercial brand of mouth wash has different ingredients.

The active ingredients are usually alcohol, chlorhexidine gluconate, cityl pyridinium chloride, hexetidine, benzoic acid, methyl salicylate, triclosan, methyl paraben, hydrogen peroxide and sometimes fluorides, enzymes and calcium. They can also include water, essential oil constituents that have some antibacterial properties like phenol, thymol, eugenol, eucalyptol, menthol, and sweeteners such as sorbitol, sucralose, sodium saccharin and xylitol, preservatives like sodium benzoate. Odor eliminating agents such as oxidizers, as well as odor preventing agents such as zinc ion may added to some mouth washes

What are the uses of mouth wash?

  • A mouth wash with fluoride will help reduce cavities
  • It can make your teeth feel fresh and smell better
  • It can decrease the quality and quantity of dental plaque and bacteria in your mouth
  • It can help reduce the periodontal diseases
  • Usually mouth wash is also recommended after dental surgeries because brushing and flossing cannot be done at that time due to pain
  • It can also help patients who have bleeding gums
  • Mouth wash may also be recommended for geriatric or disabled patients who might have dexterity problems or trouble in managing dental products
  • Recommended after non-surgical scaling of deep gum pockets
  • Mouth wash can be beneficial for those who are prone to oral problems
  • Antibacterial mouthy rinse can help those who are extremely susceptible to tooth decay or gingivitis

How to use the mouth wash?

Mouth wash should contain directions for usage. Follow the directions and use only proper amount indicated on the label to decrease the side effects. It should be swished or gargled around the oral cavity for 30 seconds and spit out.  Gargling is where the head is tilted back, allowing the mout6h wash to sit in the back of the mouth while exhaling, causing the liquid to bubble. After using mouth wash you should not eat or drink anything for at least 15 minutes as to not diminish its effectiveness. Mouth wash should not be used immediately after brushing the teeth so as not to wash away the beneficial fluoride residue left from the tooth paste. Similarly, the mouth should not be rinsed out with water after brushing. So remember to spit the water and don’t rinse after brushing.

What are the types of mouth washes?

Mainly two types of mouth washes are present

  1. Cosmetic mouth wash:-cosmetic mouth wash is used to give fresh breath. It only masks the bad breath, it doesn’t cure the halitosis and its effect only lasts up to 3 hours. The underlying cause for bad breath should be treated. So consult your dentist after you identify the bad breath instead of masking by using mouth wash
  2. Therapeutic mouth wash:- therapeutic mouth washes are 2 types. These mouth washes reduce the bacteria and remove debris
  • Essential oil as an active ingredient
  • Chlorhexidine as an active ingredient.

What are the side effects of mouth washes?

  • Taste disturbance
  • Tooth staining
  • Sensation of a dry mouth
  • Soreness, redness, ulceration may sometimes occur
  • Alcohol containing mouth washes dries out the mouth and make halitosis worse
  • Some people find the ingredients in mouth wash irritating especially people who have sensitive gums
  • rinsing with alcohol based mouth wash is not good for children under the age of 6, who are likely to swallow the liquid
  • if you swallow the mouth wash, the ingredients may upset your stomach
  • there is also some controversy over whether or not alcohol containing mouth wash causes oral cancer

Mouth wash should never be used as a substitute for brushing your teeth because it can’t force food particles out like brushing and flossing can. Your dentist can advise you whether you need a mouth wash and what kind of mouth wash to use depending upon your oral health

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Effect of Tongue Thrust in Children

Tongue thrust also called as reverse swallow or immature swallow.  In recent years the tongue thrust problems and the resultant oral features have come to the forefront of the progressive, clinical orthodontist’s attention. If the tongue was observed thrusting between and the teeth did not close in centric occlusion during swallowing, it was specified that a tongue thrust was present.

What is Tongue Thrust?

The tongue protrudes through the upper front teeth during swallowing, speech and while the tongue is at rest. Tongue thrust is the habit of sealing the mouth for swallowing by thrusting the top of the tongue forward against the lips.

Tongue thrust is normal in infants until approximately the age of 6 months. The loss of this normal infant behavior is one of the signs that the baby is ready to begin eating baby food. During infantile swallow the tongue is placed between the gum pads.  After 6 months of age, several maturation events occur that alter the functioning of the orofacial muscles.

With the arrival of incisors the tongue assumes a retracted posture if the transition of infantile to mature swallow does not take place with the eruption of teeth then it leads to tongue thrust swallow. In a thrusted swallow the tongue is pushed up and forward and in mature swallow the tongue is pushed up and back. As a child develops a more mature swallow the back and sides of their tongue begin growing stronger and gain more control of movement.

tongue thrustAt what age does a child usually exhibit a tongue thrust swallowing pattern?

A child exhibits a tongue thrust pattern from birth, because it is an infantile swallowing pattern. It is acceptable to have this swallowing pattern up to the age of four years. Most children will outgrow the infantile pattern and develop the mature pattern of swallowing, not developing a problematic tongue thrust. If the child has not naturally outgrow the pattern by age four, the thrust is strengthened becomes an issue, and will require a training program to correct the thrusting pattern.

During a normal swallow, the mid tongue should be placed on the roof of the mouth, not between the teeth. Placing the tongue between the teeth pushes the teeth apart and out.

What is the Effect of Tongue Thrust?

Tongue thrust can adversely affect the teeth and mouth. The affects are depends on intensity, duration, frequency and type of tongue thrust.

  • Many people who tongue thrust have open bite; the force of the tongue against the teeth is an important factor in contributing to bad bite
  • Speech is not frequently affected by the tongue thrust swallowing pattern. The ‘s’ sound is the one most affected an abnormal swallow will move teeth into abnormal positions and cause growth distortions of the face and teeth
  • The tongue moves forward in an exaggerated way during speech and or swallowing. The tongue may lie too far forward during rest or may protrude between the upper and lower teeth during speech , swallowing and at rest
  • Lip separation
  • More erratic mandibular movements
  • Increase in anterior face height
  • Irregular tongue movements
  • In a thrusted swallow the back and middle of the tongue are pretty non-active
  • Reversal of orthodontic treatment
  • Just like thumb sucking, tongue thrust exerts pressure against the front teeth pushing them out of alignment

What are the Causes of Tongue Thrust?

  • Enlarged tongue(macroglossia)
  • Thumb sucking
  • Large tonsils
  • Hereditary factors
  • Tongue tie(ankyloglossia)
  • Allergies
  • Nasal congestion
  • Certain types of artificial nipples used in feeding infants
  • Upper respiratory tract infections

What are the Different Types of Tongue Thrusting?

Classification:-

Type 1-non deforming

Type2-deforming anterior tongue thrust

  • Sub group1-anterior open bite
  • Subgroup2-anterior proclination
  • Subgroup3-posterior crossbite

Type3-deforming lateral tongue thrust

  • Sub group-posterior open bite
  • Subgroup2-posterior crossbite
  • Subgroup3-deep overbite

Type4-deforming anterior and lateral tongue thrust

  • Subgroup1-anterior and posterior open bite
  • Subgroup2-proclination of anterior teeth
  • Subgroup3-posterior crossbite

Another classification

  1. Simple tongue thrust-normal tooth contact in posterior region, anterior open bite, contraction of lips, mentalis muscle and mandibular elevators
  2. Lateral tongue thrust-posterior open bite with tongue thrusting laterally
  3. Complex tongue thrusting-features are generalized open bite, absence of contraction of lip muscle

What is the Treatment plan for Tongue Thrusting?

The most proven and effective technique to solve the tongue thrust problem is by oral habit training. This is an exercise that reeducates the muscles associated with swallowing by changing the swallowing pattern. This method must be taught by a trained speech therapist.

  • If an associated habit like thumb sucking is present, it must be treated first
  • Speech therapy not indicated before the age of 8 years
  • The patient may place an appliance similar to nightguard in the mouth at night, or may wear a more permanent device that can be removed or adjusted by a dentist
  • Tongue tie should be corrected

 

 

 

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Mouth Breathing During Sleep in Children Causes & Effects

mouth breathing effectsEffect of mouth breathing in children

Mouth breathing in children is far more serious than most people assume. If your child consistently breathes through mouth, take the child to a doctor or dentist for evaluation. Mouth breathing can have serious, lifelong effects and most children will require some form of treatment. Mouth breathing can cause poor oxygen concentration in the blood stream, which can cause high blood pressure, heart problems, sleep apnea and other medical conditions

What are the symptoms of mouth breathing?

The tongue plays a large role in influencing cranial and maxillary growth. When a child’s newborn the forward thrusting of the tongue to express milk from the mother’s breast is the force that drives the horizontal or forward growth of upper jaw. The tongue acts like a natural tooth retainer when the mouth is closed gently pushing the top teeth into their correct position. When the mouth is open, t6hetongue rests on the floor of the mouth instead of roof and when this is done continuously the upper jaw narrows and forcing the teeth to grow in a forward position or to overlap each other.

  • Breathe primarily with mouth open and breathing will often sound shallow and raspy.
  • Mouth breathers tend to grow at a slower rate than other children
  • Dry lips
  • Swollen tonsils
  • Children who mouth breathe typically do not sleep well, causing them to be tired during the day and possibly unable to concentrate on studies
  • Dark circles under the eyes
  • gingivitis
  • Narrow palate, crowed teeth
  • Increasingly long and narrow faces termed as long face syndrome or adenoid faces
  • Gum tissue shows when smiling
  • Snoring sleep apnea
  • High incidence of airway infections
  • Mouth breathing dries out saliva which plays important role in cavity prevention so the incidence of dental caries increases.
  • Increased rate of plaque accumulation

The following other conditions are also associated with mouth breathing

  • Cheilitis glandularis
  • Down syndrome
  • Tongue thrusting
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Anterior openbite
  • Snoring

What causes mouth breathing?

  • Allergies are the primary cause of mouth breathing. Children with chronic or severe congestion may find it difficult to breathe through the nose, and may get in the habit of breathing through the mouth
  • Enlarged adenoids or tonsils:-in younger children enlarged adenoids are one of the primary cause for persistent childhood snoring. Adenoids are tonsil like tissue found in the back of the nasal passage. Adenoids can grow in size as a consequence of recurrent upper respiratory infections and nasal allergies. As the adenoids become bigger, the nasal passage become smaller and smaller. Children are born with adenoids which are quite small and usually the adenoids shrink after about 5 years of age, and it particularly disappeared by the teenage years.
  • Deviated or crooked septum,
  • long term use of a pacifier
  • Due to thumb sucking lower jaw may become recessed resulting in a constricted air way whi9ch leads to mouth breathing

What is the treatment for mouth breathing?

Treatment for mouth breathing is available and can be beneficial for children if the condition is caught early. A dentist can check for mouth breathing symptoms and swollen tonsils. If the tonsils are swollen, they can be surgically removed by an ENT specialist

  • Allergies should be treated
  • Dentist will give expansion appliances designed to widen the palate and open the sinuses and nasal passages.
  • Though adenoids usually shrink in the second decade of life, however blockage and sleep apnea may affect growth and development and cause permanent changes in facial or dental development. Decision to remove adenoids is usually taken before it occurs
  • Tongue thrusting and thumb sucking habits should be corrected

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