Monthly Archive April 2015

dental-implant-procedures

What are Dental Implants Procedures and Benefits?

It is mostly commonly observed these days that tooth loss due to various reasons is increasing. This could be due to adverse gum infections, or tooth decay or various other such factors. In such situation, one might resort to methods such as tooth implants where the tooth roots are replaced, and this may or may not be permanent but is used in place to match the natural teeth.

One must be aware of the dental implant procedure and other details related to it as it is the safest and most advantageous. This improves that appearance at the first place as the teeth look very much natural. Also, this improves speech and comfort during speaking. This also has the advantage that one will also able to eats much comfortable than before. The method merges much with the original tooth and hence is most preferred, and also this helps in having and maintaining a better oral hygiene.

Oral implants last a lifetime and are in most cases successful with a success rate of 98% cases. While almost anyone with a decent oral health can take an implant string gum and jaw, the bone structure will help in taking a successful implant.

How is the Dental implant done?
The first step involves a developing an individual plan for the patient. The plan is carried out by experts in order to meet the needs of the patient. The team analyzes the situation to suggest the most effective implant plan for every individual. Next is the tooth root implant where a small post made of titanium of placed in the root area of the missing tooth? As the jawbone heals, it starts to grow around the implanted metal post that is anchoring it securely in the jaw. It may take almost 12 weeks for the healing process to occur completely.

Once the implant is complete, a small connector post commonly known as the abutment is used in order to keep the implanted tooth secure. In order make the new tooth or teeth dentist will make impressions of your teeth following which a model of your bite is and the new tooth or teeth are based completely on this model that defines the arrangement, etc,. The replacement tooth is called as a Crown and is then attached to the abutment.

dental-implant-proceduresThe dentist also takes care that the replacement is almost the same color as your natural tooth color for it to merge well with your tooth set. The attachment is from the bone level and hence there are hardly any cases of the discomfort of dysfunction during such implants. One will feel like it is the natural teeth. After getting details of how do dental implant works, let us know about other related aspects.

Insurance coverage
On a general note, insurance policies do not cover costs involving dental health. In some rare cases, this could be possible, and that will depend completely on the type of policy one has. Your dentist may also help you in finding out about the dental implant insurance policies.

Pain and discomfort
While most of the patients have said that a mild discomfort is common during the procedure, some people have also claimed that they felt nothing. The local anesthetic that is used might change this. Also in most cases patients have claimed that the dental implant pain is much less compared to tooth extraction.

Dental Implant Cost
Cost may vary depending on your dentist though the average cost of dental implants is estimated to be about $1000 to $3000 per implant. Though this cost is covered by insurance in some cases, it is very important to look for good service, as well as a fair cost of the procedure.

Post dental implant care is almost the same as that of usual dental care such all brushing and flossing. Taking proper care of dental hygiene will also help in keeping further dental issues in place.

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5 Oral Health Tips for Beautiful Smile & Dental Health Care

The simple oral habits can give you a beautiful smile. One smile can make all the difference in the world. One smile has the power to release stress, calm you down, make you attractive, gives you happiness. Whether you are female or male, a smile is all you need to complete your beauty. Smile is an indication that you are a positive person. Smiling is an attractive expression, which is more likely to draw people to you rather than push them away. Smiling makes you appear more approachable. White and properly aligned teeth will give you a beautiful and attractive smile. For whiter teeth you have to follow simple oral hygiene techniques. Now a day’s cosmetic dentistry is also available to design your smile.

1.      Daily Twice brushing

Brushing is an important activity in the maintenance of oral hygiene. Only 2 minutes ti9me is sufficient for brushing. Selection of tooth brush, tooth paste and proper brushing techniques play important role in the brushing. Most of the people neglects brushing at the night time, before going to bed. Night time brushing is necessary because saliva production decreases during sleeping. Decreased salivary production leads to decay formation. Bacterial action on the accumulated food between teeth, produce acids and cause cavitation. So before going to bed, you should eliminate accumulated food by brushing. You can take an advice from your dentist about brushing techniques, tooth brush or tooth paste. Follow this simple oral habit to get healthy smile.

     Benefits of Daily Brushing Twice:-

  • Removes plaque and gives us clean teeth, gums and a fresh breath
  • Fluoride in the tooth paste can prevent cavity formation
  • Prevents gum diseases
  • For healthy teeth and gums it is mandatory to have good oral hygiene and for that brushing should be perfect
  • Removes harmful bacteria from building up in your mouth
  • Tartar control tooth pastes are also available to prevent tartar formation
  • Decreases the risk of periodontal problems

2.      Regular Flossing

Brushing only cleans a portion of one’s teeth, but it cannot clean between them where most gum diseases and cavities are found. The best way to clean between the teeth is to floss. Dental floss comes in many shapes, styles and flavors. The dentist will demonstrate proper flossing technique to you by starting with a long piece of floss. Super floss can be used under bridges or behind fixed retainers such as those that may have been placed after having braces. Brushing tw3o times daily and flossing at least once a day will help to maintain a healthy smile.

Benefits of Regular flossing:-

  • Removes plaque between the teeth
  • Flossing before brushing might allow more fluoride from your toothpaste to reach between your teeth
  • Prevents tooth decay, gum problems and decreases the risk of periodontal problems
  • Flossing can help improve the appearance of your mouth as well as your dental hygiene and overall health
  • Cleans the tight spaces between the teeth and the gap between the base of the teeth and gums
  • Prevents tartar buildup

3.      Tongue Cleaning

oral health tips for beautiful smileThe oral cavity is one of the main gateways between your body and the environment, maintaining the health of this connection is critical to general well being. Scraping the tongue daily removes any build-up on the tongue. If plaque buildup on the tongue is not removed, it can lead to bad breath and may house a significant number of bacteria. Bad breath can have a negative impact on a person’s life, relationships and self-esteem. Most commonly bad breath comes from the bacteria at the back of the tongue if you don’t take steps to remove toxic mucus on the tongue, your taste buds can become blocked. This may leads to false cravings or an inability to recognize the taste of food. So tongue cleaning is also important along with the brushing

Benefits of Tongue Cleaning:-

  • Reduces and removes oral bacteria from the crevices of all areas of the tongue
  • Removing build up from the tongue surface will open up its pores and better expose your traste buds, allow for greater enjoyment of food flavors
  • Scraping of your tongue prevents toxins from being reabsorbed into your body and boosts overall immune function
  • Helps eliminate the undigested food particles from the tongue
  • Removes bacteria and toxins which are responsible for tooth decay, periodontal diseases, gingival recession, plaque buildup
  • Promotes overall oral and digestive health

4.      Dental check-ups for every 6 months

To prevent gum disease and other oral health problems, schedule regular dental cleanings and examinations. In the meantime, contact your dentist if you notice any signs and symptoms. Early detection and treatment of problems with your gums, teeth, and mouth can help ensure a life time of good oral health. So plan dental check-ups for every six months to get good oral hygiene

Benefits of regular Dental Check-ups:-

  • Recommend cleaning techniques and products
  • Remove plaque and calculus from the tooth
  • Remove external dental stains
  • Fill cavities that could lead to further decay
  • Treat mild gingivitis before it turns into periodontitis
  • Gives oral hygiene instructions
  • Fluoride application to prevent cavity formation
  • Your dentist can help point out areas of your mouth that may require extra attention during brushing and flossing

5.      Taking a Balanced Diet

Balanced diet will give you both oral and general heath. High sugar content foods, frequent snacking and sugar containing drinks can cause tooth decay. Some foods and drinks stain the teeth. These foods can spoil yours oral health. So take balanced and nutritious diet which includes fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains. Avoid snacking between meals. Limit the intake of high carbohydrate content foods such as cakes, sweets. Homemade snacks are good for health than ready to eat foods available in the market. Add carrots and apples to your diet because these foods can naturally clean your teeth. Cheese, milk, yogurt, leafy greens and almonds are foods that may benefit tooth health because of their high content of calcium and other nutrients. Don’t forget to rinse your mouth after meals.

Benefits of Balanced Diet:-

  • Gives happy and healthy life style
  • Boost immunity and health development
  • Prevents cavity formation
  • Gives good and healthy oral hygiene
  • Fruits and vegetables can stimulate the saliva production
  • Balanced diet can controls your weight also

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Tooth Fracture Causes in Children & Risk Factors

The greatest incidence of trauma to the primary dentition occurs at 2 to 3 years of age. Accidents within and around the home were the major source of injury to the primary dentition. The most commonly injured teeth are upper central incisors.

The two parts of tooth are crown and root. The white part appears in the mouth is crown and the root can’t be seen normally because it is located in the alveolar bone. The outer layer of crown is enamel. Enamel is white in color and it is more mineralized. Dentin is present below the enamel. Dentin is in yellow color and it is less mineralized than enamel. Pulp is present beneath the dentin. Pulp and dentin have nerve supply while enamel has no nerve supply. A minor tooth fracture usually involves enamel only. A deeper fracture can involve both enamel and dentin. A serious fracture exposes both dentin and pulp tissue.

Tooth Fracture Causes in Children?

Tooth fracture often occurs in children or sports related injuries. Chipped or broken teeth are quite common in kids. A minor tooth fracture usually involves chipping of the enamel only and tooth position will not change. The most common injuries to permanent teeth occur secondary to falls, sports, traffic accidents, violence

  • Sporty preschooler who gets knocked in the mouth by a ball
  • Curious youngster who crunches on hard candy
  • Various types of indoor falls
  • Bicycle accidents
  • While playing games such as football, baseball, kabbadi
  • Fighting between children
  • Fracture may occur by chance such as being hit by an opening door
  • Children who aggressively grinds their teeth in sleep
  • Crunch on hard ice cubes
  • Cavities that weaken the teeth
  • Chewing or biting down on hard objects such as pencils, pens
  • Abused or neglected child who have suffered serious physical abuse

What are the Risk factors for the Tooth Fracture?

Some factors can increase the risk of toothy fractures those are

  • Proclination of upper front teeth. Due to Proclination upper front teeth are more prone for fractures. Children with proclined teeth have more risk for tooth fracture than children with normal teeth alignment.
  • Incomplete lip closure is another risk factor for the tooth fracture.

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Top 10 Health Benefits of Broccoli

Broccoli belongs to cabbage family. It has large flower heads usually green in color, arranged in a tree like structure branching out from a thick edible stalk. It resembles cauliflower. Broccoli has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and detoxification properties. This is an excellent food because it contains vitamin C, vitamin B complex, vitamin A and vitamin K. It also provides potassium, manganese, phosphorus to the body. This food is very low in saturated fat and cholesterol. Broccoli is low in Sodium and calories. Broccoli is a good food for the weight reduction because it contains vitamins, minerals, proteins and gives few calories to the body.

Boiled or steamed or raw forms of broccoli are used for consumption. Some nutrients lost during boiling so steamed or raw forms are good for health. Raw broccoli is used in salads. Broccoli is rich in vitamin C. A single serving provides more than 30 mg of vitamin C and a half cup provides 52 mg of vitamin C. Boiling broccoli reduces the levels of suspected anti-carcinogenic compounds. Steaming, microwaving and stir frying had no significant effect on nutrient loss. Broccoli has good taste and so many nutrients so add broccoli to your diet.

broccoli

Health Benefits of Broccoli:-

  1. Cholesterol reduction:-broccoli is packed with soluble fiber that draws cholesterol out of your body
  2. Broccoli contains antioxidants. These antioxidants can neutralize free radicals that cause cell damage. Oxidative stress, chronic inflammation and inadequate detoxification are the major metabolic problems that can cause cancer. Broccoli has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and detoxification properties. These can prevent or lower the risk of cancer
  3. Can prevent some of the damage to blood vessel linings that can be caused by chronic blood sugar problems
  4. High, in fiber which aids in digestion, prevents constipation and maintains low blood sugar
  5. Broccoli can provide you with some special cholesterol lowering benefits if you cook it by steaming
  6. Broccoli has a strong positive impact on your body’s detoxification system
  7. Kaempferol flavonoid in the broccoli lessen the impact of allergy related substances on your body
  8. Contains high levels of both calcium and vitamin K which are important for bone health and prevention of osteoporosis
  9. Contains significant amounts of omega-3 fatty acids. It is a good source for omega-3 fatty acids for vegetarians
  10. Carotenoids in the broccoli help in the eye health. Broccoli is not a source of vitamin D but it involves in the metabolism of vitamin D. Vitamin K and A are needed to help vitamin D metabolism in the proper balance.

Precautions while taking Broccoli:

  • The excessive fiber content in the broccoli can cause gas problems or bowel irritation
  • High amount of vitamin K can interact with blood thinning medication so people who are on blood thinning medication should be careful about the intake of Broccoli
  • Hypothyroidism patients should be limit the intake of Broccoli

 

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Flax Seeds Health Benefits And Side Effects

Flaxseeds also called as linseeds. The seeds from the flax plant can be used whole, ground to make meal or used to create a vegetable oil known as flax seed oil. It is better to consume flax seeds than flax seed oil. Flax seeds are tiny nutty flavored seeds that not only taste good but have innumerable health benefits. Flax seed contains strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. There are two main types of flax seed: golden flax seed and brown flax seed. Their nutritional profiles are very similar and both contain the same number of omega-3 fatty acids. Flax seeds contain omega 3 essential fatty acids, lignans, soluble and insoluble types of fiber. It is the best food for the vegetarians to get omegba-3 fatty acids.

flaxseeds

 Top 10 Health Benefits of flax seeds

  1. Exposure to lignans during adolescence helps reduce the risk of breast cancer and may also increase the survival of the breast cancer patients. Protect against cancer by blocking enzymes that are involved in the hormone metabolism
  2. Omega-3 fatty acids help prevent hardening of the arteries and keep plaque being deposited in the arteries partly by keeping WBC from sticking to the blood vessel’s inner layer
  3. Eating flaxseed daily may also help your cholesterol levels. The level of LDL or bad cholesterol in the blood stream has been linked to an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome
  4. Soluble fiber dissolves with water and creates a gel like substance that helps to lower blood cholesterol and glucose levels. Insoluble fiber absorbs water which adds bulk to your digestive tract and helps to move things through quickly.
  5. Reduces the risk of certain cancers breast cancer, prostate cancer and colon cancer. Plant omega-3 fatty acids can inhibit the tumor incidence and growth
  6. Daily intake of flax seed helps in maintaining the heart’s natural rhythm
  7. Topical flaxseed oil also showed to have positive effects on pain control and nerve function of patients
  8. Ground flaxseed but not flaxseed oil may also help with menopausal symptoms. Such as hot flushes and night sweats
  9. A diet of flaxseed may protect skin tissue from being damaged by radiation
  10. Flaxseeds are an ideal way for those who don’t eat sufficient oily fish to ensure they get enough omega-3 fatty acids

How to use flaxseeds?

Grind the flaxseeds, store them in air tight container and use them in any of the following ways

  • Sprinkle on salads, cooked vegetables or cooked dal
  • Add grounded flaxseeds while kneading dough for chapattis or roti, bread, biscuits
  • Mix in smoothies or curd
  • Can be sprinkled on fruits, veggies and yoghurt
  • Incorporate ground flaxseeds into muffins, cookies
  • Flaxseed meal can also be used as a binder or egg substitute in baked foods for people who are allergic to eggs
  • Flaxseed oil is sometimes added to salad dressing.

Who shouldn’t take flax seeds?

  • Pregnant and breast feeding mothers should not take flaxseeds
  • Flaxseeds and flaxseed oil are not recommended for children
  • Those with seizure disorder should avoid flax seed supplements as omega-3 supplements may induce seizures
  • Anyone with digestive problems like crohn’s disease, colitis and women with hormone sensitive diseases like endometriosis, PCOS should not use flax seeds
  • Blood thinning medications, blood sugar lowering medication, topical steroids, anti-inflammatories can all be affected by flaxseed, so take an advice from your doctor before taking them or increasing dietary levels of flaxseeds
  • Don’t take flaxseeds if you7 have swelling or closure of esophagus

What are the Side effects of Flax seeds?

Generally flaxseeds and flax oil seem to be safe.

  • The soluble fiber in the flaxseeds may cause diarrhea, cramping, gas and bloating. Large amount of flaxseeds, especially when not taken with enough water, can cause constipation and even bowel obstruction
  • Abdominal pain, nausea
  • The immature seeds of flax are poisonous
  • In some people severe allergic reactions such as rash, hives, itching, difficulty in breathing, swelling
  • Flax seeds can be interact with some medical conditions and some medicines so ask your doctor before using flaxseeds
  • Raw and unripe flaxseed is possibly unsafe. Flaxseed in these form is thought to be poisonous

 

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Gingival Hyperplasia Causes and Complications in Children

Causes and Complications of Gingival Overgrowth in children

Gingiva or gums surround the teeth and provide a seal around them. Healthy gingiva appears in coral pink color, but may contain melanin pigment. Gingiva is divided into free gingiva, attached gingiva and interdental papilla. Free gingiva is terminal edge of gingiva surrounding the teeth in collar like fashion. Attached gingiva is continuous with free gingiva and it is firm, resilient tightly bound to the underlying alveolar bone. Interdental papilla is in pyramidal shape and it occupies the interproximal space beneath the area of tooth contact.

Gingival overgrowth also called as gingival hyperplasia or gingival hypertrophy or hypertrophic gingivitis. Gingival overgrowth is the enlargement of attached gingiva due to increased number of cells. Gingival overgrowth can be initiated by factors such as mouth breathing, irritations along the neck of the tooth or hormonal changes such as those at puberty. The most prevalent types of gingival overgrowth in children based on the cause are

  • Drug induced gingival hyperplasia
  • Hereditary gingival fibromatosis
  • Neurofibromatosis

gingival enlargement

 

 Drug induced gingival hyperplasia:-

Certain drugs can cause gingival overgrowth. These drugs are

  • Cyclosporine-it is given to depress the immune system
  • Nifedipine and amlodipine-these are used to treat hyper tension
  • Phenytoin- used to treat epilepsy

Gingival hyperplasia will occur due to increase in the connective tissue extracellular matrix. It is more prevalent in male children and adolescents. Drug induced gingival hyperplasia can cause functional difficulties, disfigurement and delayed permanent teeth eruption.

Hereditary gingival Fibromatosis:-

It is also called as Von recklinghausen disease. It is most common syndromic gingival enlargement in children. It is an autosomal dominant disease. It usually appears at the time of permanent teeth eruption. Histologically it contains highly collagenized connective tissue. It can

cause drifting of teeth, retention of primary teeth, Diastema and poor plaque control.

Neurofibromatosis 1:-

It is an autosomal dominant disease. It is seen more common in mentally handicapped individuals. Gingival overgrowth is caused by the formation of plexiform neurofibromas in the connective tissue of the gingiva. These plexiform neurofibromas consist of hypertrophic nerves arranged as lobules in the connective tissue. Occasional malignant transformation may occur

Gingival Overgrowth associated with Syndromes:-

Gingival overgrowth is seen in syndromes that are

  • Rutherfurd syndrome
  • Cross syndrome
  • Romon syndrome
  • Haband syndrome

What are the complications of gingival overgrowth in children?

  • Retained primary teeth or baby teeth
  • Delayed the eruption of permanent teeth
  • Poor plaque control
  • Drifting of teeth
  • Diastema is a gap between two teeth. It appears most often between the two upper front teeth
  • Increased distal spacing
  • Difficulty with chewing
  • Change in the facial appearance due to lip protrusion
  • Affects the normal closure of the lips
  • Emotional distress
  • Increased risk of caries
  • Malocclusion
  • It can also affects the speech of a child

How to Manage Gingival hyperplasia in children?

Dentist consultation is necessary for the treatment of gingival overgrowth. Mild gingival hyperplasia can be treated by professional scaling. Effective plaque control can reduce and prevent the gingival enlargement. Drug induced gingival enlargement can be treated by changing the drug or decreasing the dose of drug. Severe gingival enlargement can be treated by gingivectomy. It is a surgical procedure in which excess gingival tissue is removed. Mouth breathing, hormonal alterations should be treated. Gingival hyperplasia associated with syndrome needs both systemic and dental treatment. Daily twice brushing, regular flossing and regular dental visits provide good oral hygiene.

 

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Fingernail Biting Effects on Teeth and Methods to Stop nail biting

Nail biting is a relatively common habit that affects people of all ages. Nail biting tends to begin in childhood, peak in adolescence and then slowly decline with age. Fingernail biting has been linked to genetics and occurs more often in females than males. Many adults and children are often unaware they are biting their nails because doing so has become a habit. Many children who are nail biters also have other psychiatric disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, separation anxiety disorder.

The main causes of nail biting are stress and boredom. Frustration and loneliness are additional emotional triggers that can lead to nail biting. Nail biting can also be a symptom of a psychological condition such as obsessive compulsive disorder. Exam tension, meeting with a boss can cause stress which provokes the nail biting

What are the Effects of Nail biting?

  • Nails are one of the most germ laden areas of your body. You are exposing yourself to illness causing bacteria by biting nails. Nail biting habit can contaminate your mouth with bacteria that are found on your hands. These bacteria can upset your stomach or cause illness
  • Bacteria and viruses passed from your fingers to your face and mouth can make you vulnerable to infection
  • Your fingers became red and sore. The area of skin around your nails may bleed and become infected
  • Nails appear unattractive and bitten down nails can also be embarrassing
  • Nail biting leads to temporary or permanent changes to your actual nail

nail biting

What are the Effects of Nail biting on Teeth?

  • Nail biting can cause your teeth to get chipped. Repeated flexure of your teeth’s enamel occurs when you bite your nails and can cause the enamel to fracture or chip
  • Nail biting can cause wear down your teeth over time. Enamel wear and uneven biting surfaces will result by the nail biting. Continuous stress on your front teeth leads to misalignment of teeth
  • Nail biting habit can create a gap between two upper front teeth. If the nail biting habit begins when the child is very young, it has been reported to cause a gap between teeth.
  • Nail biting can cause the roots of your teeth to become weaker. Nail biting during orthodontic treatment has been shown to cause root resorption, cause teeth to become weaker. Nail biting delays your orthodontic treatment
  • Nail biting can cause temporomandibular joint problems such as disk displacement, jaw pain, locking and popping of the jaw
  • Trauma to the gingiva may occur during nail biting and this leads to gingivitis
  • Your teeth will lose due to continuous stress on them

How to stop Fingernail Biting?

  • Wrap your fingertips with band aids or electrical tape
  • Keep your hands busy with other activities such as playing a musical instruments, painting
  • Put an unpleasant tasting substance on your finger tips
  • Apply nice nail polish
  • Keep nails trimmed short then you will have a less of a nail to bite
  • Get regular manicure. After manicure your nails look attractive and you’ll be less likely to bite them
  • Try yoga, meditation, deep breathing, squeezing a stress ball to relax you
  • Counseling and medication are advised to relieve stress and anxiety
  • Mouth guard can help to stop nail biting habit
  • Try chewing gums to keep your mouth busy

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Baby Bottle Tooth Decay Causes,Effects and Prevention

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay Causes, Symptoms and Preventive methods

Baby bottle tooth decay also called as nursing bottle caries or early childhood caries. Tooth decay in infants and very young children is often referred to as baby bottle tooth decay. This dental problem develops in infants especially infants that are put to bed with a bottle containing a sweet liquid. Baby bottle tooth decay is commonly seen in upper front teeth, other teeth may also be affected. Baby teeth serve as place holders for the permanent teeth. Decay in the baby teeth can affect the child’s chewing, speaking and smiling. The breast milk or formula that comforts and nourishes your baby can also cause severe tooth decay.

Baby teeth are also called as primary teeth or deciduous teeth. Teething usually begins around 6 months of age. In majority of babies first tooth will erupt between 4 and 7 months. All the set of primary teeth will be seen by his/her third birthday. Don’t neglect the baby teeth because healthy baby teeth will lead to healthy permanent teeth. Decayed primary teeth can disturb the permanent teeth eruption which results in crooked or crowded permanent teeth.

nursing bottle caries

What are the Causes of baby bottle tooth decay?

Bottles containing milk, formula, juices, and sugar water continuously bathe an infant’s mouth with sugar. The bacteria such as streptococcus mutans, lactobacillus use sugar and produce acids. These acids destroy the enamel of baby teeth. Sugars, bacteria and time are the key factors for the cavity formation.

  • Decay happens when sweetened liquids or those with natural sugars like milk, formula and fruit juice cling to infants teeth for a long time. Bacterial reaction on these produces acids. Acids demineralize the enamel leads to tooth decay.
  • Babies whose pacifiers are dipped in sugar or sugar syrup
  • High sugar content drinks at night time increases the risk of decay because saliva production decreases during sleeping

How to Prevent Baby Bottle Tooth Decay?

  • Wipe the baby’s gums with a clean gauze pad or wash cloth after each feeding. Though the baby has no teeth cleaning the gum pads is necessary
  • Clean and massage gums
  • If your child sleeps with a bottle, break the habit now and avoid the risk of decay. Gradually diluting the bottle contents with water over 2 to 3 weeks after that period, fill the bottle only with water
  • Begin brushing your child’s teeth when his\her first tooth come in
  • Finger tooth brushes are also available for proper cleaning of your child oral cavity
  • Don’t fill the bottles with sugar water or soft drinks. Bottles are for milk, infant formula, water, electrolyte containing solutions when the child has diarrhea
  • Never allow your child to fall asleep with a bottle containing anything but water
  • Don’t dip the pacifier in a sweet syrup
  • Reduce the sugar in your child’s diet especially between meals
  • Flossing should be started once all the baby teeth have come in
  • Make sure your child is getting enough fluoride which prevents the decay
  • Schedule regular dental visits by your child’s first birthday
  • Encourage your child to drink from a cup by his\her first birthday. Wean them off the bottle by age 12 to 14 months
  • Ask your dentist for topical fluoride application
  • It is your responsibility to keep your baby’s teeth clean in the earlier years, later teach them brushing techniques.

What are the Symptoms of Baby Bottle Tooth Decay?

Chalky white spots appear on the tooth surface. This is the early sign of tooth decay. If you notice the white spots on the teeth immediately consult your dentist to stop the further progression of the decay. Severe decay appears in dark brown in color. If a tooth is decayed and left untreated pain and infection can occur. Baby bottle tooth decay can leads to pain, infection, crowded permanent teeth and pain while eating. Baby’s smile, chewing and speaking also affected by the baby bottle tooth decay

What is the Treatment plan for Baby Bottle Tooth Decay?

Your dentist will give you the best treatment plan because the type of treatment depends on severity of the decay and the age of child. White spots on the tooth surface can be treated by fluoride treatment or placing fluoride varnish can be used to remineralize the tooth. Severe decay can be treated by pulpectomy, restoration process or tooth extraction.

 

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Vitamin B6 Functions, Sources, Deficiency Symptoms

What is Vitamin B6 and how it is useful to our body?

Vitamin B6 is also known as pyridoxine is present in many natural foods. This vitamin is necessary for nerve function, brain development, production of antibodies and hemoglobin. Being a water soluble vitamin it is not stored in our body. B6 can be fulfilled only through consuming foods which are in rich in Vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 is found in a variety of forms in the foods we eat as well as in our bodies. The most important form of vitamin B6 is pyridoxal 5’-phosphate (PLP). It helps the body turns food into energy. Vitamin B6 improves the immunity. Pregnant and breast feeding women need it to help their babies brains develop normally

 vitamin b6

What are the Functions of Vitamin B6?

  • Production of red blood cells:-vitamin B6 plays a key role in the synthesis of hemoglobin. Heme is the key section of the hemoglobin molecule and initial production of heme in bodies require the presence of vitamin B6.
  • Metabolically active form of vitamin B6 is PLP. It is a cofactor in the biosynthesis of important neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine, epinephrine, nor epinephrine and gamma amino butyric acid.
  • Also involved in the synthesis of histamine
  • Vitamin B6 is necessary for the proper function of enzymes
  • Vitamin B6 is required for the conversion of tryptophan to niacin, low B6 status impairs this conversion
  • Helps in glucose and lipid metabolism

Vitamin B6 rich in foods:

Vitamin B6 is widely distributed in foods in both its free and bound forms. Good sources include meat, whole grain products, vegetables, nuts and bananas. Vitamin B6 is found in the germ and aleuronic layer of grains, and milling results in the reduction of this vitamin in white flour. Freezing and canning also results in the loss of vitamin B6 in foods. Plant foods lose the least during processing than animal foods. Prolonged exposure to heat can degrade vitamin B6 in most foods. Both steaming and boiling result in relatively low amounts of B6 loss

  • Banana and Avocado are good source of Vitamin B6, having a medium sized banana daily is sufficient for B6.
  • Potatoes and Sweet potatoes are rich in Vitamin B6 and also B6 is in Spinach, Tomato, and Cauliflower.
  • Legumes and Whole grains are well known sources of fiber and proteins but it also contains huge amount of B6.
  • Corn, wheat, rice, oats and other fortified cereals contains Vitamin B6.
  • All dry fruits contain B6, but pistachios contain B6 in good amounts.

Eat a handful of mixed nuts or pistachios to get a daily dose of B6. Non vegetarians can have their daily dose of B6 from red meat and poultry. Every reaction in your body that uses vitamin B6 also uses magnesium as a mineral cofactor. Tuna, Spinach and Pumpkin seeds are rich in both B6 and magnesium

What is the Daily Recommended Allowance of Vitamin B6?

The daily recommended allowance of vitamin B6 is

  • 0-6 months                         0.1 mg
  • 6-12 months                       0.3 mg
  • 1-3 years                              0.5 mg
  • 4-8 years                              0.6 mg
  • 9-13 years                             1 mg
  • 14-18 yrs female                  1.2 mg
  • 14-18 yrs male                      1.3 mg
  • 19-50 years                            1.3 mg
  • 50+ females                           1.5 mg
  • 50+males                                1.7 mg
  • Pregnant women                   1.9 mg
  • Lactating women                   2 mg

Who are at Risk for Vitamin B6 Deficiency?

Vitamin B6 deficiency alone is relatively uncommon and often occurs in association with other vitamins of B complex

  • Elderly and alcoholics have an increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency
  • B6 deficiency is noticed in women with type 1 diabetes and patients with systemic inflammation, liver diseases, rheumatoid arthritis and those infected with HIV
  • Use of oral contraceptives and treatment with certain anticonvulsants negatively impact vitamin B6 status
  • Hemodialysis reduces B6 plasma levels

What are the Deficiency Symptoms of Vitamin B6?

Vitamin B6 is present in most foods, so dietary deficiency is rare. Dietary deficiency though rare, can develop because extensive processing can deplete foods of vitamin B6.

  • Vitamin B6 is a key factor involved with chronic inflammation in the body
  • Rash or cracks around the mouth
  • Sour tongue
  • Inflammation of the skin
  • Cognitive problems and eventually convulsions
  • Confusion and depression
  • Susceptibility to infections
  • Sideroblstic anemia

How to Overcome Vitamin B6 Deficiency?

Vitamin B6 supplements are available in the form of pyridoxine hydrochloride. It is available as oral, nasal spray or injection. Take vitamin B6 rich foods. Avoid prolonged processing of food. Pyridoxine is used for preventing and treating low levels of pyridoxine and anemia that may result in. Vitamin B6 is frequently used in combination with other B vitamins in vitamin B complex products.

Vitamin B6 Toxicity:-

Adverse effects have been documented from B6 supplements, but never from food sources. Higher doses of vitamin B6 might cause nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, loss of appetite, sleepiness. Long term use of high doses is possibly unsafe. It might cause certain brain and nerve problems

 

 

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