Monthly Archive July 2015

Green Peas

Top 10 Health Benefits Of Green Peas

Green peas are sweet, delicious, and popular as garden peas. Green peas contain a unique assortment of health protective phytonutrients. One of these phytonutrients is coumestrol which has recently come to the forefront of research with respect to stomach cancer protection. Green peas are good source of proteins, vitamins and minerals. Even though green peas are an extremely low fat food, the type of fat and fat soluble nutrients they contain is impressive. It is good food for the people who are in dieting. It is also good food for kids growth. Green peas crop is environmental friendly crop because peas plants work with bacteria in the soil to fix nitrogen from the air and deposit it in the soil. This reduces the usage of fertilizers usage since one of their main ingredient is nitrogen.

10 Health Benefits of Green peas

  1. Lowers the risk of stomach cancer:- Daily consumption of green peas along with other legumes lower the risk of stomach cancer especially when daily coumestrol intake from these legumes is approximately 2 mg or higher. One cup of green peas contains at least 10 mg of coumestrol, so it’s not difficult for us to obtain this remarkable health benefit
  2. Good for diabetic patients:- green peas and other pulses can help us lower our fasting blood sugar as well as our fasting insulin levels. Long term control of blood sugar is also improved by intake of green peas
  3. Excellent source of folic acid:– fresh pea pods are an excellent sources of folic acid. 100 gm provides 65mcg or 16% of recommended daily levels of folates. It is good food for pregnant women
  4. Power house of vitamins and minerals:– green peas contain vitamin K, B complex vitamins, vitamin C, manganese, copper, zinc, molybdenum, magnesium, iron. Fresh green peas are very good in vitamin C which is natural water soluble antioxidant that gives resistance against infectious agents. Also good in vitamin K which is found to have a potential role in bone mass building function through promotion of osteotrophic activity inside the bone cells.
  5. Heart disease prevention:- green pea consumption gives anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits. Regular consumption of antioxidant nutrients can help us to prevent chronic, unwanted oxidative stress
  6. Prevents constipation:– When you have constipation, it is important that you consume foods rich in fiber to clear your bowel movements and improves your metabolism
  7. Prevents anemia and fatigue:– try some boiled peas with a pinch of salt and pepper to boost your energy levels. Iron prevents the anemia and fatigue
  8. Great for your child’s growth:– green peas are good source of proteins, vitamins and minereals so these are ideal for your child’s growth and development. So give this healthy food to your kids in the form of soups, salads and sandwiches
  9. Reduce depression:- people suffering from depression are advised to eat foods rich in antioxidants. Easily available, snacking on boiled peas is a great idea to deal with mood swings.
  10. Prevention of certain diseases:– prevents Alzheimer’s disease, arthritis, bronchitis, osteoporosis and candida. Green peas also prevent the skin wrinkles.

Green PeasHow to select and Store Green peas?

  • When purchasing fresh garden peas, look for ones whose pods are firm, velvety and smooth. Their color should be a lively medium green.
  • Do not choose pods that are puffy, water soaked and have mild residue
  • Choose the pods that contain sufficient number and size of the peas
  • Frozen peas are better able to retain their color, texture and flavor than canned peas.
  • Refrigerate in plastic bags do not shell peas until ready to use

How to store Green peas for long period:-

  1. Select fresh, tender and good quality peas for preservation
  2. Start with peeling the green peas and while doing it take out all the bad peas. Wash them twice and strain any excess water
  3. Now boil the peas for 2 minutes in a deep pan filled with enough water to dip all the peas. Cover the pan with a lid. Sieve the peas to strain excess water
  4. Take cold water in another bowl and put the strained peas into it. Again strain the water once they get cool down. Fill the peas in a polythene bag and close it with a rubber band or any tape. Store the bag in the freezer. Polythene bag should be used only for one time.
  5. This way you can preserve peas and use whenever you want

Healthy Recipes of Green Peas:-

Green peas can be used in salads, soups, curries, biryanis and fried rice

  • Green peas snacks:-Boil the green peas and sprinkles the pinch of salt and pepper
  • Add green peas to the curries such as potato, carrot and bottle guard
  • Green peas masala is a great side dish for the rotis, chapati, phulka
  • Green peas salad:- It is a good and healthy food. It is prepared by adding green peas, carrot, bell pepper, red onion, celery, pinch of salt and pepper, spoon full of lemon juice.
  • Mix green peas with chicken, diced onions and almonds to make a delicious and colorful chicken salad.

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mumps symptoms

Mumps Symptoms and How to Prevent Mumps

Mumps is also known as epidemic parotitis. It is an acute systemic communicable disease caused by a single stranded RNA virus, paramyxovirus. It is characterized by painful enlargement of one or both parotid glands. The disease is widespread in distribution and is endemic in urban communities. Its peak incidence is in winter and spring seasons.

Transmission of Mumps:-

Mumps is highly contagious and spreads rapidly among people living in close quarters. Humans are the only reservoir of the infection. The virus is transmitted through by respiratory droplets, direct contact and through fomites infected with saliva. When an infected person coughs or sneezes the dropolets aerosolize and can enter the eyes, nose or mouth of another person. It can also be spread by sharing food and drinks.

People are infectious to each other from a few days before the start of symptoms to four days after. After an infection a person is typically immune for life long. Reinfection is possible but it tends to be mild.

Mumps Symptoms

The average incubation period is 18 days. Mumps is preceded by a set of prodromal symptoms. One third of the patients are asymptomatic

  • Low grade fever, headache
  • Malaise
  • Anorexia, sore throat
  • Pain or tenderness at angles of jaws
  • Difficulty in chewing or talking followed by enlargement of parotid glands within 24 hours. Two-third cases have bilateral enlargement, which resolves over a period of 1 week
  • There may be pain in the ears
  • Epididymo-orchitis characterized by pain and swelling of testis and epididymis, occurs within 7-10 days after onset of parotid swelling in 20-30% post pubertal males. Unilateral enlargement of testis is far common than bilateral. Testicular atrophy and sterility are unusual.
  • Oophritis characterized by lower abdominal pain is less common but may occur in post pubertal females. CNS involve ment in the form of aseptic meningitis occurs in 10% cases, which is self- limiting. Occasional nerve deafness may occur. Encephalitis or encephalomyelitis are rare.

How to Prevent Mumps?

A live attenuated vaccine is available and may be given to children above one year of age along with rubella and measles vaccines. It confers lifelong immunity. MMRV vaccine also available which gives protection against mu8mps, measles, rubella and chicken pox

mumps symptomsWhat is the Treatment for Mumps?

There is no available cure for mumps and the treatment is supportive. Analgesics are used to relive pain. Application of hot or cold compresses to the parotids may also help to relieve pain.

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Gum Cancer

Gum Cancer Causes | Symptoms & Treatment Methods

Carcinoma of the gingiva constitutes an extremely important group of cancers. The similarity of early cancerous lesions of the gingiva to common dental infections has frequently led to delay in diagnosis or even misdiagnosis. Hence institution of treatment has been delayed, and the ultimate prognosis of the patient is poorer.

Approximately 10% of all malignant tumors of the oral cavity occur on the gingiva. This is essentially a disease of elderly persons, since only 2% of the tumors occurred in patients under the age of 40 years. It is more common in men than women.

Gum Cancer Causes

The exact cause of gum cancer is not known. However several risk factors are known to cause gum cancer. A number of factors increase the risk of developing gum cancer. Not all the people with risk factors will get gum cancer.

Risk factors:-
  • Smoking or use of other tobacco products
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Chronic irritation of the mouth
  • Diet low in vegetables and fruits
  • Human papilloma virus infection
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Occasionally, cases of gingival cancer appear to arise after extraction of a tooth. An unusual situation arises in some instances after extraction of a tooth in that a carcinoma appears to develop rapidly and proliferate up out of the socket.

Gum Cancer Symptoms

Carcinoma of the gingiva usually is manifested initially as an area of ulceration which may be a purely erosive lesion or may exhibit an exophytic, granular verrucous type of growth. Many times, carcinoma of the gingiva does not does not have the clinical appearance of a malignant neoplasm.

  • Sore/lesion on the gums that does not heal within 2 weeks. This lesion can bleed easily
  • Painful/painless lump on the gums
  • The tumor arises more commonly in edentulous areas although it may develop in a site in which teeth are present
  • The fixed gingiva is more frequently involved than the free gingiva
  • Thickening or discolored lump on the gums
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Problem with speaking and chewing
  • Swollen lymph nodes especially in the neck
  • Altered sense of taste
  • Unintended weight loss

In the maxilla, gingival carcinoma often invades into the maxillary sinus, or it may extend onto the palate or into the tonsillar pillar. In the mandible, extension into the floor of the mouth or laterally into the cheek as well as deep into the bone is rather common. Metastasis is a common sequel of gum cancer. Cancer of the mandibular gingiva metastasizes more frequently than cancer of the maxillary gingiva.

Gum CancerGum Cancer Treatment

Gum cancer is most treatable and curable if caught in the earliest stage of the disease. Gum cancer grows relatively slowly, but untreated and advanced gum cancer can spread into the deeper tissues of the mouth and neck. In advanced stages, gum cancer can spread through the lymph nodes and blood to other parts of the body where the cancer cells can form another cancerous tumor. Gum cancer and other forms of oral cancer have a high risk of recurring after treatment.

Gum cancer treatment includes

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgery

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Hypothyroidism Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

The normal thyroid gland consists of two lobes joined by an isthmus in the middle. Thyroid gland is located in the front of your neck. The thyroid gland synthesizes two hormones, T3 and T4, from iodine taken in the diet. Production of T3 and T4 in the thyroid is controlled by a mechanism called feedback mechanism. T3 is the metabolic active hormone which acts as a stimulus. Thyroid hormones control the general metabolism by regulating the rate of oxidation and production of energy. They maintain the basal metabolic rate of the body. They promote growth of body tissues and development of mental functions during infancy and childhood.

A clinical condition caused by low levels of circulating thyroid hormones is called hypothyroidism. It is called primary when the cause of it lies in the thyroid itself. It becomes secondary when hypothyroidism occurs due to the disease of anterior pituitary or hypothalamus. Goitrous hypothyroidism is associated with enlargement of thyroid. Primary hypothyroidism is more common than secondary.

Hypothyroidism Causes

  1. Idiopathic or spontaneous or atrophic hypothyroidism:- it is an autoimmune disorder mostly occurring in females. There is destruction of thyroid follicles by autoimmune process leading to atrophy of thyroid. Patient of Graves disease treated with Antithyroid drugs develop spontaneous hypothyroidism at a variable period of 10-20 years.
  2. Goitrous
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis:-it is a common cause of goiter with hypothyroidism. It is an autoimmune disorder. It has slow insidious onset. It affects mostly females in the age group of 30-50 years. The thyroid is diffusely enlarged, occupies major portion of neck. It may be associated with other autoimmune disorders.
  • Deficiency of Iodine:- This occurs in persons living in hilly areas such as Himalayas, where goiter is seen in more than 10% of population or may occur during puberty
  • Drug induced:- Lithium carbonate is an antipsychotic drug used in the treatment of manic depressive psychosis. It produces asymptomatic goiter
  • Dyshormogenesis
  1. postablative:- it follows post-ablative surgery or radioactive treatment for thyrotoxicosis. It does not require treatment as patients are asymptomatic and disease is self-limiting
  2. maternally transmitted
  3. over treatment by antithyroid

Hypothyroidism Symptoms

Symptoms depend on the age at which deficiency manifests duration and severity of the disease. Infantile hypothyroidism is seen in the infants (age less than 1 year). The symptoms are mental retardation, delayed milestones of development, pot belly, protruding tongue, flat nose, dry skin and sparse hairs. This condition is called cretinism. X-ray of bone shows delayed bone age. This should be promptly treated; otherwise, mental deficiency will persist.

Juvenile hypothyroidism manifests at adolescence and is characterized by short stature, retarded growth, and poor performance at school, delayed puberty and sexual maturation. Other features of adult hypothyroidism are present to variable degree.

The clinical picture of adult hypothyroidism is nonspecific and insidious in onset. The symptoms and signs are due to slow metabolic rate and due to deposition of mucopolysaccharides into various body tissues such as larynx causing hoarseness of voice, deafness, tongue producing slurred speech, skin with non-pitting edema, puffiness of face, hands, feet and eyelids. It is called as myxedema because of characteristic infiltration of skin by myxomatous tissue. There may be symptoms of compression of long nerves.

Symptoms and signs of adult hypothyroidism

  1. General features:-tiredness, weight gain, cold intolerance, hoarseness of voice and lethargy are common.
  2. Cardiovascular:-slow pulse rate, hypertension and xanthelasma are common. Precipitation of angina and cardiac failure are less common
  3. Neuromuscular:-aches and pains, delayed relaxation of ankle jerks and muscle stiffness are common. Carpel tunnel syndrome, deafness, psychosis, depression, myotonia are less common
  4. Hematological:- anemia may be present
  5. Dermatological:-dry thick skin, sparse hair, non -pitting edema are common
  6. Reproductive:-menorrhagia, infertility and impotence is less common
  7. Gastrointestinal:- constipation

What is the Treatment for Hypothyroidism?

Treatment of hypothyroidism is lifelong replacement of thyroid hormones by L-thyroxine; the dose is prescribed as per patient’s need so as to maintain normal metabolic activity. Patients feel better within 2-3 weeks after the start of replacement therapy. First of all, patients feel slightly active, there is decrease in weight. Puffiness of the face disappears. There is noticeable change In voice and bowel evacuation. The changes of skin, hair and effusion take longer time, that is, 3-6 months to disappear.

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Hyperthyroidism Causes Symptoms and Clinical Features

The normal thyroid gland consists of two lobes joined by an isthmus in the middle. Thyroid gland is located in the front of your neck. The thyroid gland synthesizes two hormones, T3 and T4, from iodine taken in the diet. Production of T3 and T4 in the thyroid is controlled by a mechanism called feedback mechanism. T3 is the metabolic active hormone which acts as a stimulus. Thyroid hormones control the general metabolism by regulating the rate of oxidation and production of energy. They maintain the basal metabolic rate of the body. They promote growth of body tissues and development of mental functions during infancy and childhood. They sensitize the tissues to the action of endogenous catecholamine. Therefore excess of these hormones lead to symptoms and signs of sympathetic stimulation characteristically seen in hyperthyroidism

What is Hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism is a clinical syndrome that results from exposure of the body tissues to excess of circulating free thyroid hormones. Hyperthyroidism also called as thyrotoxicosis. Thyrotoxicosis literally means toxicity due to excess of thyroid hormones. All the tissues that contain thyroid receptors are affected. Hyperthyroidism affects females more than males and is usually associated with thyroid enlargement.

What Are The Causes Of Hyperthyroidism?

The causes of hyperthyroidism are

  1. Graves disease:-

It is the most common thyroid disorder producing hyperthyroidism. It is characterized by the symptoms that are diffuse goiter, exophthalmos and pre-tibial myxedema. It can occur at any age but is common between 30-50 years old age group. It is an autoimmune disorder. Normally in an autoimmune disorder, antibodies destroy the thyroid tissue but this is an exception where the thyroid IgG antibodies stimulate the thyroid to produce more hormones. Exophthalmos is due to collection of retro-orbital fluid and proliferation of fibroblasts which lead to rise in pressure in retro-orbital space, which pushes the eyeballs forward.

  1. Toxic nodular goiter:- multinodular and solitary nodule
  2. Excess iodine:- high amount of iodine can cause hyperthyroidism. Iodine is used by the body to produce hormones.
  3. Thyroid medication:- taking too much thyroid hormone medication can cause hyperthyroidism. Don’t increase the dose of thyroid medication without consulting your doctor. Don’t take more doses than prescribed.,
  4. Less common causes are thyroiditis, thyroid carcinoma

What are the Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism?

Moderate to severe hyperthyroidism produces characteristic features, the presentation of which varies from patient to patient. The clinical symptoms and signs are due to

  1. Accelerated basal metabolic rate
  2. Stimulation of sympathetic system due to hypersensitisation
  3. Compressed due to enlarged thyroid

There are different modes of presentation at different age groups. A child may present with behavioural abnormalities or premature growth spurt or deterioration of mental functions. An old man may present with irregular heartbeats. Sometimes symptoms and signs may not be complained of but can be observed at clinical examination

Goiter:- diffuse or nodular. Diffuse goiter indicates Graves disease while nodularity indicates toxic nodular goitre

  • Gastrointestinal:- weight loss in spite of good appetite, diarrhea, vomitings
  • Cardiovascular:- high resting pulse rate, irregular heart beat
  • Neuromuscular:- nervousness, irritability, restlessness, psychosis, tremors of hands, muscular weakness, exaggerated tendon reflexes
  • Dermatological:- increased sweating, clubbing of fingers, redness of palms, hair loss
  • Reproductive:-menstrual irregularity, abortions, infertility, impotence
  • Ophthalmological:- lid lag or lid retraction, staring look, excessive watering of eyes, double vision
  • Other symptoms are heat intolerance, excessive thirst, outburst of anger, fatigability

throidismHyperthyroidism Treatment

  1. Antithyroid drugs:- the Antithyroid drugs block the iodination of tyrosine, hence, reduce the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Carbimazole is commonly used drug
  2. Radioactive ablation of thyroid:– hyperactive thyroid gland is destroyed by radioactive iodine. Indications for this treatment are patients more than 40 years of age, recurrence following surgery.
  3. Subtotal thyroidectomy:– indications for subtotal thyroidectomy are
  • Large goiter
  • Frequent relapses on drug treatment
  • Age less than 40 years with thyrotoxicosis hypersensitive to drug therapy
  • Poor drug compliance.

Hyperthyroidism Treatment in Pregnancy:-

The hyperthyroidism in pregnancy is always due to grave’s disease. Antithyroid drugs cross the placental barrier; hence, there is risk of fetal hypothyroidism. As a general rule, dosage of Antithyroid therapy should be the lowest effect does necessary to control hypothyroidism during pregnancy. Betablockers should not be used as an adjuvant therapy during pregnancy because of their effect on fetus. Radioactive iodine is contraindicated during pregnancy and subtotal thyroidectomy is not6 preferred over drug treatment if patient is responsive to therapy.

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Scarlet_fever_Causes

Scarlet Fever Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Scarlet fever is a highly contagious systemic infection occurring predominantly in children, caused by beta-hemolytic streptococci, St. Pyogenes which produces a pyogenic exotoxin. It is similar in many respects to acute tonsillitis and pharyngitis caused by streptococci. Though it occurs in all populations of the world, it is less frequent today. Scarlet fever is most common in children 5 to 15 years of age. Although Scarlet fever was once considered a serious childhood illness but antibiotic treatments have made it less threatening. Still, if left untreated, scarlet fever can result in more serious conditions that affect the heart, kidneys and other parts of the body

Scarlet Fever Symptoms

Scarlet fever is common in children. The symptoms are

  • After the entry of the microorganisms into the body, which is believed to occur usually through the pharynx, there is an incubation period of three to five days, after which the patient exhibits severe pharyngitis and tonsillitis, headache, chills, fever and vomiting
  • Enlargement and tenderness of the regional cervical lymph nodes
  • The characteristic feature is, diffuse, bright scarlet skin rash appears on the second or third day of the illness. This rash which is particularly prominent in the areas of the skin folds, is a result of the toxic injury to the vascular endothelium which produces dilation of the small blood vessels and consequent hyperemia.
  • The rash typically begins first on the upper trunk, spreading to involve extremities but sparing the palms and soles.
  • Small papules of normal color erupt through these rashes giving a characteristic ‘sand paper’ feel to the skin.
  • The rash subsides after six or seven days followed by the desquamation of palms and soles. The color of the rash varies from scarlet to dusky red

Scarlet_fever_CausesScarlet Fever Oral Manifestations

The chief oral manifestations of scarlet fever have been referred to as stomatitis scarlatina. The mucosa particularly of the palate, may appear congested and may have petechiae scattered on the soft palate.

  • The tongue exhibits a white coating, and the fungiform papillae are edematous and hyperemic, projecting above the surface as small red knobs. This phenomenon has been described clinically as a ‘straw berry tongue’ or ‘white strawberry tongue
  • The coating of the tongue soon lost; beginning at the tip and lateral margins, and this organ becomes red, glistening and smooth except for the swollen, hyperemic papillae. The tongue in this phase has been termed the ‘raspberry tongue’ or ‘red strawberry tongue’
  • In severe cases, ulceration of the buccal mucosa and palate may appear due to secondary infection

Scarlet Fever Treatment?

The administration of antibiotics will help to treat and also help in controlling possible complications. Local application of topical ointment also can be used to relieve discomfort

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Tongue Cancer Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Cancer of the tongue comprises between 25 and 50% of all intraoral cancer. It is less common in women than in men except in certain geographic localities, chiefly the Scandinavian countries, where the incidence of all intraoral cancer in women is high incidence of a preexisting Plummer-Vinson syndrome. There are two parts to your tongue, the oral tongue and the base of the tongue. The front two third of the tongue is oral part. Cancers that develops in this part is called as mouth or oral cancer. The base of the tongue is the back third of the tongue. Cancers that develop in this part are called as oropharyngeal cancer.

Tongue Cancer Causes

  • Leukoplakia is a common lesion of the tongue which has been observed many times to be associated with tongue cancer.
  • Smoking tobacco or drinking a lot of alcohol are the main risk factors for cancers of head and neck
  • Other factors which have been thought to contribute to the development of carcinoma of the tongue include poor oral hygiene, chronic trauma and the use of alcohol and tobacco

Tongue Cancer Symptoms

The most common presenting sign of carcinoma of the tongue is a painless mass or ulcer, although in most patients the lesion ultimately becomes painful, especially when it becomes secondarily infected. The tumor may begin as a superficially indurated ulcer with slightly raised borders and may proceed either to develop a fun gating, exophytic mass or to infiltrate the deep layers of the tongue, producing fixation and induration without much surface change

The symptoms of tongue cancer may include

  • A red or white patch on the tongue, that will not go away
  • A sore throat that does not go away
  • Ulcer or lump on the tongue that does not go away
  • Pain when swallowing
  • Numbness in the tongue that will not go away
  • Unexplained bleeding from the tongue
  • Rare cases pain in the ear
  • Usually painless initially. The patient may develop a burning sensation or pain when the tumor is advanced

What is the Treatment for Tongue Cancer?

The treatment of cancer of tongue is a difficult problem. The treatment depends on the size of the cancer. The treatment procedures are

  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy

One of these or combination of these treatments may be required. The best treatment for very small tongue cancers is surgery. For larger tumors that have spread to the lymph nodes in the neck, then the combination of surgery and radiotherapy are required.

  • Glossectomy:- the procedure of removing the part of the tongue or total tongue is called as glossectomy. This can cause problems with the speech and changes in eating and drinking.
  • Many radiotherapists prefer the use of radium needles or radon seeds to x-ray radiation because they are able with these devices to limit the radiation to the tumor, sparing adjacent normal tissue. Dry, sore mouth and taste changes may result due to the radiation therapy.
  • Metastatic nodes are highly complicating factors, but treating them without controlling the primary lesion is useless.

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Teething problems

Teething Problems in Infants & Toddlers

In most children the eruption of primary teeth is preceded by increased salivation, restlessness and a tendency to place objects like finger in mouth. This observation may be the only indication that teeth will soon erupt. Many conditions including fever, diarrhea, convulsions, and primary herpetic gingiva-stomatitis have been incorrectly attributed to eruption. In fact teething does not increase the incidence of infection, nor does it cause any rise in temperature, white blood cell count but it does cause day time restlessness, an increase in the amount of finger sucking or rubbing of the gums, an increase in drooling and possibly some loss of appetite.

What are the Teething Problems? How to manage them?

Symptoms can last for just a few days, right around the time a new tooth is emerging or for as long as several months if a lot of teeth come through all at once. In some babies teething doesn’t cause any noticeable signs at all.

If your baby has diarrhea, fever or a runny nose, don’t dismiss it as a sign of teething, especially if the symptoms last for more than 24 hours. There is no scientific proof that these are linked to teething but the explanation for these symptoms is that teething babies frequently put things in their mouth to sooth their gums, so they come into contact with more viruses and other germs.

  1. Disturbed Sleep:- teething can be a painful process and this can keep your baby awake at night. So if your baby is suddenly finding it hard to settle down and rest, teething could be the cause. Try to stick to your baby’s bed time routine and give them comfort if they are unsettled.
  2. Drooling:- all babies drool a little, but a teething baby will often end up with a very wet chin. Extra drool can make your baby’s chin sore, so wipe with a clean soft cloth or put a smear of petroleum jelly on your baby’s chin for extra protection.
  3. Chewing Fingers:- chewing fingers or objects helps to relieve the pain and pressure of teething. Try to keep your baby’s hands clean so that the baby doesn’t swallow any germs.Teething ri9ng is a option but a crust of bread, bread stick, or a peeled carrot may work as well. Teething ri9ng can be cooled in the fridge, but should not be frozen. Don’t dip the ring in sugar substances.
  4. Swollen Gums:- swollen, red gums are asure sign of tething. Gentle rub with a clean finger can help to sooth them. A cool sugar free drink can help to sooth a baby’s gums. Water is best. Teething gels are also available which contains anesthetic and antiseptic but it should be used after 4-7 months.
  5. Appearance of Tooth buds:- if you look into your baby’s mouth, you can observe the little tooth buds look like small bumps along your baby’s gums. If you run a finger over them, you may be able to feel the hard tooth underneath.
  6. Eruption hematoma:- eruption hematoma also called as eruption cyst. A bluish purple, elevated area of tissue, commonly called eruption hematoma, occasionally develops few weeks before the eruption of primary or permanent tooth. The blood filled cyst is most frequently seen in the primary second molar or permanent first molar region. This condition develops as a result of trauma to the soft tissue during function and is self-limiting.
  7. Eruption sequestrum:– The eruption sequestrum is seen occasionally in children at the time of the eruption of the first permanent molar. This is seen at the time of eruption of the permanent molar or immediately after the emergenence of the tips of the cuspa through the oral mucosa. Regardless of its origin, the hard tissue fragment is generally overlying the central fossa of the associated tooth embedded and contoured within the soft tissue. As the tooth erupts and cusp emerges, the fragment sequestrates.
  8. Ectopic eruption:– Inadequate arch length or a variety of local factors may influence a tooth to erupt in a position other than normal.
  9. Natal and neonatal teeth:– natal teeth are the teeth that are present at birth; neonatal teeth are those that erupt within one month after birth.

What is the eruption sequence of primary teeth?

Normally the first tooth appears between the age of 4 to 7 months, but it’s also perfectly normal up to 10 months to 1 year. If your kid reaches 18 months with no tooth in sight, then consult pedodontist. Most children have a full set of primary teeth by the age of 3 years.

Upper teeth:-Teething problems

Central incisors 8 – 12 months
Lateral incisors 9 – 13 months
Canines 16 – 22 months
First molars 13 – 19 months
Second molars 25 – 33 months

Lower teeth:-

Central incisors 6  – 10 months
Lateral incisors 10 – 16 months
Canines 17 – 23 months
 first molars 14 – 18 months
Second molars 23 – 31 months

What is the Total number of Primary Teeth?

Primary teeth

  • Upper incisors=4
  • Lower incisors=4
  • Upper canines=2
  • Lower canines=2
  • Upper molars=4
  • Lower molars=4

Total number of Primary teeth=20 and Premolars are absent in the primary dentition.

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Top 10 Health Benefits of Walnuts

Walnuts are high in protein, vitamins, omega 3 fatty acids, trace minerals, lecithin and oil. Eating just one ounce of walnuts a day (that’s about seven shelled walnuts) may be sufficient to get beneficial properties of walnuts. Compared with other nuts, which typically contain a high amount of monounsaturated fats, walnuts are unique because the fats in them are primarily polyunsaturated fatty acids and are the only nuts with significant amounts of alpha linoleic acid.

Walnuts are really beneficial for immunity. High amounts of antioxidants in them help in keeping the immune system healthy and prevent the onset of diseases. Walnuts are rich in fiber and are useful for the proper digestive function. Having walnuts daily can help you with the digestive problems and keep your bowel functioning properly. Walnuts are also useful for the pregnant women because these nuts contain B complex group vitamins and these are necessary for pregnant women and fetus. Having walnuts gives you better sleep through the melatonin in them. Melatonin compound said to be associated with better sleep patterns. So add these versatile nuts to salads for a nutty crunch or make a coating for poultry and fish or make a creamy sauce or use it in the sweets or just eat as raw nuts.

Walnuts Health Benefits

Cancer fighting properties:-

Walnuts consumption may reduce the risk of prostate cancer and breast cancer. Walnuts contain several unique and powerful antioxidants that are available only a few commonly eaten food.

Heart health:-

Walnuts contain the amino acid l-argenine which offers multiple vascular benefits to people with heart disease or those who have increased risk for heart disease due to multiple cardiac risk factors.

Weight control:-

Adding walnuts to your diet can help you to maintain your ideal weight over time.

Improves reproductive health in man:-

One of the lesser known benefits of walnuts is their impact on male fertility. Regular walnut consumption will significantly improve sperm quality including vitality, motility and morphology

Brain health:-

The physical appearance of walnuts resembles human brain. Walnuts contain a number of neuroprotective compounds, including vitamin E, Folate, melatonin, omega3 fats and anti-oxidants. Consumption of high anti-oxidant foods like walnuts can decrease the enhanced vulnerability to oxidative stress that occurs in aging.  Walnuts will increase health span and also enhance cognitive and motor function in aging.

health-benefits-of-walnutWalnuts for hair:-

Walnuts are good for hair too. This is because walnut contains biotin that helps hair strengthen, growth to certain extent. The regular application of walnut oil on hair gives you longer, stronger and healthier and glowing hair. Walnut oil also acts as a natural anti-dandruff agent. Many shampoos contain walnut extracts which keeps hair healthy and make them shiny

Useful for diabetic patients:-

Walnuts improve metabolic parameters in people with type2 diabetes. The mono and poly unsaturated fatty acids in nuts are good for insulin sensitivity.

Good source of vitamins and minerals:-

Walnuts are good source for Folate, thiamin and vitamin E. Rich source of Manganese and also rich in other minerals such as Magnesium, Phosphorus and Iron.

Makes your skin glow:-

Walnuts are rich in B vitamins and anti-oxidants that prevent your skin from free radical damage and prevent wrinkles and sign of ageing. Delays skin ageing by decreasing the stress. Many makeup and skin care products include walnuts in their ingredients as they are rich in nutrients that benefits beauty. Walnut face scrubs are also available in market. These scrubs can remove the dead skin cells and give you a fresh youthful appearance.

For bone health:-

Walnuts contain an essential fatty acid called alpha linolenic acid. This amino acid compounds have been associated with bones that have grown stronger and healthier. Omega 3 fatty acids decrease the inflammation and this is related to keeping bones stronger for longer.

How to select and store Walnuts?

When purchasing whole walnuts that have not been shelled, choose that are larger in size. Shelled walnuts are generally available in a prepackaged containers as well as bulk bins. Avoid those that look rubbery or shriveled. Shelled walnuts should be stored in an airtight container and place in the refrigerator, where they will last for one year.

Unshelled walnuts should preferably store in the refrigerator, although as long as you keep them in a cool dry, dark place they will stay fresh for up to 6 months. Walnuts generally absorb food flavors quite easily. While refrigerating or freezing make sure they are kept at a safe distance from foo such as onions, cabbage and fish.

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