Monthly Archive January 2016

Zika virus Infection Symptoms, Diagnosis and its effect in pregnant women

Zika virus is spread to people through mosquito bites. The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting from several days to a week. Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon.

Where has Zika virus been found?

  • Prior to 2015, Zika virus outbreaks have occurred in areas of Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands.
  • In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infections in Brazil.
  • Currently, outbreaks are occurring in many countries.
  • Zika virus will continue to spread and it will be difficult to determine how the virus will spread over time.

zika

Symptoms

  • About 1 in 5 people infected with Zika virus become ill (i.e., develop Zika).
  • The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) for Zika virus disease is not known, but is likely to be a few days to a week.
  • The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week.
  • Zika virus usually remains in the blood of an infected person for a few days but it can be found longer in some people.
  • Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon.
  • Deaths are rare.

How does Zika virus affect pregnant women and fetuses?

Pregnant women have the same risk as the rest of the population of being infected with Zika virus, which is transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes. Many women may remain unaware they have the virus, as they may not develop any symptoms. Only one in four people infected with Zika develops symptoms, and in those with symptoms the illness is usually mild. Brain growth may decrease in fetus due viral infection to zika

·       Microcephaly:- abnormal smallness of head.

In some Brazilian states where Zika virus has been circulating in recent months, there has been a marked increase in cases of newborns with microcephaly. According to a preliminary analysis of research carried out by Brazilian authorities, the greatest risk of microcephaly and malformations is associated with infection during the first trimester of pregnancy.

 

Should pregnant women travel to areas where Zika is circulating?

Before traveling, pregnant women should consult a doctor to get advice in this regard. The most important thing is to avoid mosquito bites to prevent infection with Zika, dengue or chikungunya. In this respect, pregnant women and women of reproductive age should follow the same recommendations as all travelers:

  • Protect skin from exposure to mosquitoes by wearing long sleeves, long pants and hats
  • Use mosquito repellent as indicated by health authorities and according to instructions on the label
  • If you sleep during the day, protect yourself with insecticide-treated mosquito netting
  • Identify and eliminate possible mosquito breeding sites.

 

Diagnosis

  • The symptoms of Zika are similar to those of dengue and chikungunya, diseases spread through the same mosquitoes that transmit Zika.
  • See your healthcare provider if you develop the symptoms described above and have visited an area where Zika is found.
  • If you have recently traveled, tell your healthcare provider when and where you traveled.
  • Your healthcare provider may order blood tests to look for Zika or other similar viruses like dengue or chikungunya

 

Treatment

  • No vaccine or medications are available to prevent or treat Zika infections.
  • Treat the symptoms:
    • Get plenty of rest
    • Drink fluids to prevent dehydration
    • Take medicines, such as acetaminophen or paracetamol, to relieve fever and pain
    • Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), like ibuprofen and naproxen. Aspirin and NSAIDs should be avoided until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of hemorrhage (bleeding). If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.
  • If you have Zika, avoid mosquito bites for the first week of your illness.
    • During the first week of infection, Zika virus can be found in the blood and passed from an infected person to another mosquito through mosquito bites.
    • An infected mosquito can then spread the virus to other people.

How to prevent zika virus infection?

Zika virus is spread to people through mosquito bites. So Zika viral infection can be prevented by avoiding the mosquito bites.

Mosquito control methods:-

  • Empty water from containers such as flower pots, birdbaths, pet water dishes, cans, gutters, tires and buckets regularly to disrupt the mosquito breeding cycle.
  • Keep windows and door screens in good working order to prevent mosquitoes from entering your home.
  • If possible, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants while outdoors, consider staying indoors early in the morning and evening when mosquitoes are most active.
  • Maintain your swimming pool to prevent mosquito breeding, and report abandoned pools to your
  • Use mosquito netting over infants carriers when infants are outdoors.

 

Beauty tips with Chocolate Powder

We all know that chocolate powder is used in the preparation of cakes, chocolates, cupcakes and sweets. Along with these uses chocolate powder can be used in beauty tips also. The anti-oxidant content is high in chocolate powder. These anti-oxidants prevent free radicals. Chocolate facial is getting popular by day. Rich in antioxidants, chocolate helps reverse the signs of ageing. It moisturizes your skin, protects the sun damage and tightens by maintaining the collagen production.

Cocoa Powder Benefits 

  • Adds a glow to your face
  • Moisturizes your skin
  • Is rich in antioxidants
  • Helps fight ageing
  • Promotes collagen production for tighter skin
  • Prevents blemishes

cocoa

  1. Chocolate powder and Oat meal powder pack:-

Ingredients needed for this pack:-

  • 1 table spoon of chocolate powder
  • 1 table spoon of oatmeal powder
  • 2 table spoons o curd

Mix all these ingredients properly and apply on the face. Just remember to wash your ace before applying this pack. Wait for 15 minutes after that wash your face with slight hot water. This pack will gives you smooth skin.

  1. Chocolate powder and olive oil pack:-

Ingredients needed:-

  • 1 table spoon chocolate powder
  • ½ table spoon olive oil
  • ½ table spoon sugar

Mix these ingredients properly and apply on y7our ace. Gently rub the ace with your fingers in a circular motion. Don’t rub under the eyes. This mix acts as a good scrubber to your facial skin. Wash your face after the pack is completely dried. Scrubbing action of this mix can remove dirt and dead cells from the skin and give smooth and bright skin.

  1. Chocolate powder and Milk pack:-

Ingredients needed:-

  • 1 table spoon chocolate powder
  • Pinch of salt
  • 2 table spoons of milk

Mix these ingredients and make it as a paste. Apply this paste to your face and wait for 15 minutes. Wash the ace with slight hot water. This pack cleans the skin and improves the brightness of the skin.

  1. Chocolate powder and Honey pack:-

Ingredients needed:-

  • 1 table spoon chocolate powder
  • 1 tablespoon honey
  • ½ table spoon butter

Mix these ingredients and make it as a paste. Apply this paste to the face and wait for 20 minutes. Wash your face with slight hot water. This pack removes dust and dirt from the skin.

  1. Chocolate powder and egg pack:-

Ingredients needed:-

  • 2 table spoons of chocolate powder
  • 1 table spoon olive oil
  • 1 egg yolk

Mix these ingredients and apply this pack to the face. Wait for 20 minutes after that wash your face with water. This pack provides moisture to the skin; so this is especially useful in winter season.

 

 

 

 

Top 10 Health Benefits of Tomato

The tomato is the edible, often red berry-type fruit. The tomato is consumed in diverse ways, including raw, as an ingredient in many dishes, sauces, salads, and drinks. The tomato is now grown and eaten around the world. It is used in diverse ways, including raw in salads, and processed into ketchup or tomato soup. Unripe green tomatoes can also be breaded and fried, used to make salsa,or pickled. Tomato juice is sold as a drink and is used in cocktails such as the Bloody Mary.

One serving of red, ripe, raw tomatoes (one cup or 150 grams) is a good source of Vitamins A, C, K, folate and potassium. Tomatoes are naturally low in sodium, saturated fat, cholesterol, and calories. Tomatoes also provide thiamin, niacin, vitamin B6, magnesium, phosphorus and copper, all of which are necessary for good health. On top of that, one serving of tomatoes gives you 2 grams of fiber, which is 7% of the daily recommended amount. Tomatoes also have a relatively high water content, which makes them a filling food. In general eating plenty of fruits and vegetables, including tomatoes, confers protection against high blood pressure, high cholesterol, strokes, and heart disease.

tomato

Health benefits of Tomato

  1. Anti -cancer benefits:-

Risk for many cancer types starts out with chronic oxidative stress and chronic unwanted inflammation. For this reason, foods that provide us with strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory support are often foods that show cancer prevention properties. Prostate cancer is by far the best-researched type of cancer in relationship to tomato intake. The jury verdict here is clear: tomatoes can definitely help lower risk of prostate cancer in men

Along with prostate cancer and non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer and breast cancer are the two best-studied areas involving tomatoes and cancer risk. Research on tomatoes and breast cancer risk has largely focused on the carotenoid lycopene, and there is fairly well documented risk reduction for breast cancer in association with lycopene intake.

  1. Cardiovascular Support:-

Dietary intake of tomatoes, consumption of tomato extracts, and supplementation with tomato phytonutrients (like lycopene) have all been shown to improve the profile of fats in our bloodstream. Specifically, tomato intake has been shown to result in decreased total cholesterol, decreased LDL cholesterol, and decreased triglyceride levels. It’s also been shown to decrease accumulation of cholesterol molecules inside of macrophage cells. Many phytonutrients in tomatoes are likely to be involved with the improvement of our blood fat levels

  1. Supports bone health:-

Bone health is another area of growing interest in tomato research. Interestingly, the connection of tomato intake to bone health involves the rich supply of antioxidant in tomatoes. We don’t always think about antioxidant protection as being important for bone health, but it is; and tomato lycopene (and other tomato antioxidants) may have a special role to play in this area. In a recent study, tomato and other dietary sources of lycopene were removed from the diets of postmenopausal women for a period of 4 weeks to see what effect lycopene restriction would have on bone health. At the end of 4 weeks, women in the study started to show increased signs of oxidative stress in their bones and unwanted changes in their bone tissue.

  1. Healthy Skin:- Collagen, the skins support system, is reliant on vitamin C as an essential nutrient that works in our bodies as an antioxidant to help prevent damage caused by the sun, pollution and smoke, smooth wrinkles and improve overall skin texture. Tomatoes make your skin look great. Beta-carotene, also found in carrots and sweet potatoes, helps protect skin against sun damage. Tomatoes’ lycopene also makes skin less sensitive to UV light damage, a leading cause of fine lines and wrinkles.
  2. Regulates Blood Sugar:-Tomatoes can keep your blood sugar in balance. Tomatoes are a very good source of chromium, which helps to regulate blood sugar.
  3. Tomatoes are good for your eyes:-The Vitamin A found in tomatoes is fantastic for improving your vision. In addition, eating tomatoes is one of the best foods to eat to prevent the development of night blindness.
  4. Healthy hair:-Drinking tomato juice constantly improves the appearance and texture of hair, and since it is rich in vitamin k, it helps to strengthen the tufts of hair and increase its luster as well as the revitalization of growth.
  5. Rich Source of Vitamins and Minerals:- A single tomato can provide about 40% of the daily vitamin C requirement. Vitamin C is a natural antioxidant which prevents against cancer-causing free radicals from damaging the body’s systems. It also contains abundant vitamin A and potassium, as well as iron. Potassium plays a vital role in maintaining nerve health and iron is essential for maintaining normal blood health. Vitamin K, which is essential in blood clotting and controls bleeding, is also abundant in tomatoes.
  6. Digestive Health: Tomatoes keep the digestive system healthy by preventing both constipation and diarrhea. It also prevents jaundice and effectively removes toxins from the body. Furthermore, tomatoes have a large amount of fiber, which can bulk up stool and reduce symptoms of constipation. A healthy amount of fiber helps to stimulate peristaltic motion in the smooth digestive muscles, and also release gastric and digestive juices. This can regulate your bowel movements; thereby improving your overall digestive health and helping you avoid conditions like colorectal cancer.
  7. Prevents Urinary Tract Infections: Tomato intake also reduces the incidence of urinary tract infections, as well as bladder cancer. This is because tomatoes are high in water content, which can stimulate urination, so tomatoes are a diuretic in certain ways. This increases the elimination of toxins from the body, as well as excess water, salts, uric acid, and some fat as well!

How to Select and Store Tomatoes?

Choose tomatoes that have rich colors. Deep reds are a great choice, but so are vibrant oranges/tangerines, brilliant yellows, and rich purples. Tomatoes of all colors provide outstanding nutrient benefits. Tomatoes should be well shaped and smooth skinned with no wrinkles, cracks, bruises, or soft spots. They should not have a puffy appearance since that characteristic is often associated with inferior flavor and may also result in excess waste during preparation. Ripe tomatoes will yield to slight pressure and will have a noticeably sweet fragrance.

Since tomatoes are sensitive to cold, and it will impede their ripening process, store them at room temperature and out of direct exposure to sunlight. They will keep for up to a week, depending upon how ripe they are when purchased. To hasten the ripening process, place them in a paper bag with a banana or apple since the ethylene gas that these fruits emit will help speed up the tomato’s maturation. If the tomatoes begin to become overripe, but you are not yet ready to eat them, place them in the refrigerator (if possible, in the butter compartment which is a warmer area), where they will keep for one or two more days. Removing them from the refrigerator about 30 minutes before using will help them to regain their maximum flavor and juiciness. Whole tomatoes, chopped tomatoes and tomato sauce freeze well for future use in cooked dishes. Sun-dried tomatoes should be stored in an airtight container, with or without olive oil, in a cool dry place.

Ketchup can be a surprisingly good source of tomato nutrients, including lycopene. But if you are going to purchase tomatoes in the form of ketchup, we recommend that you choose organic ketchup. We make this recommendation not only because you’re likely to avoid unwanted pesticide residues and other contaminants if you purchase organic, but also because we’ve seen a recent study showing higher lycopene content in organic versus non-organic ketchup

Simple Beauty tips with Honey

Honey is nature’s energy booster. Honey has so many health, beauty and medicinal benefits. Daily intake of honey can increase your memory. Its antioxidant and anti-bacterial properties can help improve digestive system and help you stay healthy and fight disease. Start every brand new day with this cleansing tonic if you want to see this health benefit of honey: before breakfast, mix a spoonful of honey and lemon juice from half a lemon into a cup of warm water and drink it.

This natural unprocessed sugar — fructose and glucose — directly enter the bloodstream and can deliver a quick boost of energy. The rise in blood sugar acts as a short-term energy source for your workout, especially in longer endurance exercises. The golden liquid’s thick consistency helps coat the throat while the sweet taste is believed to trigger nerve endings that protect the throat from incessant coughing.

All honeys are not equal. Generally the honey available in grocery stores are the ones processed with heat, which exterminates off its healing enzymes and annihilates-rich contents. So use raw honey, as it has not been processed and provides your skin with healing benefits

honey

Beauty tips with Honey:-

  1. Tip For dry skin:-

so many people suffers with dry skin especially in winter season. For this problem honey is the best solution because honey can provide moisture to the skin.

How to use:- Apply fresh honey to the face as a pack and wait for 20 minutes. After 20 minutes wash your face with cool water. This pack can gives you fresh face and moisture to the skin

  1. Acne Treatment:-
    Honey contains antibacterial and antifungal properties that thwart bacteria that can lead to breakouts. Its anti-inflammatory properties will calm redness and irritation.

Try it:– Apply a dab of raw honey to affected areas, and sit for 10-15 minutes. Rinse with tepid water.

  1. Removes dirt and dead cells from the skin

Travelling is common in our routine life for the purpose of business, job studies and etc. Due to these journeys so much of dust, dirt and dead cell can accumulate on our face.

Try it:-mix 1 spoon honey and half spoon coconut oil and apply to the face. Slowly rub the face with fingers to improve blood circulation. After that wash your face with water and then you will get clean and smooth face.

  1. Improves facial brightness:-

brightness and smile on your face can increase your confidence. Some simple beauty tips can improve brightness of your skin

Try it:– Mix 1 spoon honey, 1 spoon besan, 1 spoon milk an d 1 spoon sugar. Apply this mix to the face and rub slowly with your fingers. This pack can remove dead cells from the skin and improves the brightness of you face. Frequent use of this pack gives you best result

  1. Hair Conditioner
    The enzymes and nutrients in raw honey give dull hair shine without weighing it down. Coconut oil penetrates the hair shaft to condition and smooth the cuticle and give your strands the luster you crave.

Try it: Mix one tablespoon raw honey with two tablespoons coconut oil. Apply thoroughly to the bottom two-thirds of damp hair, starting at the ends and working up. Let sit for 20 minutes, and rinse well.

  1. Sunburn Treatment
    Honey restores hydration to the deepest layers of sun-exposed skin—and both honey and aloe vera contain powerful anti-inflammatories to calm burned skin and aid recovery.

           Try it: Mix one part raw honey with two parts pure aloe vera gel. Apply to sunburned skin.

  1. Use honey to get rid of unwanted hair:-

If unwanted facial hair is what you are looking to get rid of, then try this home remedy.

  • In a vessel, take one teaspoon of honey, one tablespoon of sugar and a few drops of lemon juice.
  • Beat it into a smooth paste.
  • Now heat it in a microwave for up to three minutes.
  • Touch to see if it isn’t too hot and apply it on the area you want to pluck hair from in the same direction as the hair growth.
  • Now take a strip of cloth and place it on top and pull it in the opposite direction.
  • This will remove the hair from the root and your face will be hair-free for a prolonged period.

 

 

 

honey

Top 10 Health Benefits of Cashew nuts

Cashews are very tasty and crunchy nuts. Cashew nuts can be used in fruit salads, vegetable salads, smoothies, cakes, ice creams and gravy curries. Roasted cashew nuts are good snacks for kids. Cashew nuts have so many health benefits. Cashew nut is packed with energy, antioxidants, minerals and vitamins that are essential for robust health.

Cashew contains healthy monounsaturated fat that promotes good cardiovascular health, because monounsaturated fats reduce high triglyceride levels which are associated with increased risk for heart disease. Cashew has high energy density and high level of the dietary fibers, both of which aids to the weight management when eaten in limit. It is an excellent dry fruit for the pregnant women, if she is not allergic to it. It acts as an instant energy booster, make them feel fuller for long and best snacks in between the meals. It is one of the most beneficial dry fruits for children of growing age. It enhances the growth and development of the bones, teeth, brain, hair, skin and etc body part as they need more calcium, vitamins, minerals, proteins and calorie than other age group people.

cashew nuts

1.      Good for heart:-

They are rich in “heart-friendly” monounsaturated-fatty acids like oleic, and palmitoleic acids. These essential fatty acids help lower harmful LDL-cholesterol while increasing good HDL cholesterol in the blood. Research studies suggest that Mediterranean diet which is rich in monounsaturated fatty acids help to prevent coronary artery disease and strokes by favoring healthy blood lipid profile. Our body needs nutrients from all food groups including fats; all you need to do is get it from good sources like cashew instead of unhealthy ones. Here’s why you should take the natural route to heart health.

2.      Good source of vitamins and minerals

Cashew nuts are abundant sources of essential minerals. Minerals, especially manganese, potassium, copper, iron, magnesium, zinc, and selenium are concentrated in these nuts. A handful of cashew nuts a day in the diet would provide enough of these minerals and may help prevent deficiency diseases.

Cashews are also good in many essential vitamins such as pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), pyridoxine (vitamin B-6), riboflavin, and thiamin (vitamin B-1). 100 g nuts provide 0.147 mg or 32% of daily-recommended levels of pyridoxine. Pyridoxine reduces the risk of homocystinuria, and sideroblastic anemia. Niacin helps prevent “pellagra” or dermatitis. Additionally, these vitamins are essential for metabolism of protein, fat, and carbohydrates at the cellular level.

3.      Plays a key role in numerous body functions

As cashew nuts are packed with high copper content, they play an important role in enzyme activity, hormone production and brain function. Apart from this, they also help in the production of red blood cells and thus, prevent anemia.

Given the fact that cashew nuts are high in calories, numerous questions might be going in your head at this point of time.

4.     Help Prevent Gallstones

Twenty years of dietary data collected on 80,000 women from the Nurses’ Health Study shows that women who eat least 1 ounce of nuts, peanuts or peanut butter each week have a 25% lower risk of developing gallstones. Since 1 ounce is only 28.6 nuts or about 2 tablespoons of nut butter, preventing gallbladder disease may be as easy as packing one cashew butter and jelly sandwich (be sure to use whole wheat bread for its fiber, vitamins and minerals) for lunch each week, having a handful of cashews as an afternoon pick me up, or tossing some cashews on your oatmeal or salad.

Cashews are high in calories. 100 g of nuts provide 553 calories. They are packed with soluble dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals and numerous health-promoting phyto-chemicals that help protect from diseases and cancers.

5.    Healthy Nerves:

Magnesium is stored on the bones surface which prevents calcium from entering the nerve cells and thus keeps the blood vessels and muscles relaxed. Insufficient amount of magnesium can lead calcium to enter the blood vessels leading them to contract. It also leads to high blood pressure, migraine headache etc.

6.      Eating Nuts Lowers Risk of Weight Gain

Although nuts are known to provide a variety of cardio-protective benefits, many avoid them for fear of weight gain. A prospective study published in the journal Obesity shows such fears are groundless. In fact, people who eat nuts at least twice a week are much less likely to gain weight than those who almost never eat nuts.

 

7.      Healthy Gums and Teeth

The magnesium content present in cashew nuts is very good for bones. So it gives healthy teeth as well as strong gums to hold them

8.      Benefits of Cashew Nuts for Women after Menopause

Prepares Body to Fight Menopausal Symptoms

  • Cashew nuts are considered as the sleep inducer and stress reliever. It helps women after their menopause stage by enhancing the relaxed and pleasant sleep during night time thus releases stress level among women in old age. After menopause, these cashew nuts can give you relaxed and pleasant sleep during nights

9.      Prevents colon cancer:-

Another ingredient in cashews is proanthocyanidins, which contain flavanols that inhibit the ability of cancer cells to divide and multiply, reducing incidences of colon cancer.

10.  Improves Hair Growth

  • It has an important mineral called Copper which helps hair to maintain their brightness, strong and black color.

           Provides Natural Color to Hair

  • Copper found in it acts as an essential component for many enzymes. Tyrosinase is a enzyme having copper helps in converting tyrosine to the melanin (a pigment providing color to the hair and skin

 

How to Select and Store Cashew nuts?

Cashews are generally available in prepackaged containers as well as bulk bins. Just as with any other food that you may purchase in the bulk section, make sure that the bins containing the cashews are covered and that the store has a good product turnover so as to ensure its maximal freshness. Whether purchasing cashews in bulk or in a packaged container, make sure that there is no evidence of moisture or insect damage and that they are not shriveled. If it is possible to smell the cashews, do so in order to ensure that they are not rancid.

Due to their high content of oleic acid, cashews are more stable than most other nuts but should still be stored in a tightly sealed container in the refrigerator, where they will keep for about six months, or in the freezer, where they will keep for about one year. Cashew butter should always be refrigerated once it is opened.