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dental fluorosis

Dental Fluorosis Causes | Treatments | Prevention Tips

dental fluorosisDental fluorosis is a developmental disturbance of dental enamel caused by excessive exposure to high concentrations of fluoride.

Usually Dental Fluorosis affects permanent teeth and occasionally the primary teeth may involved. Fluorosis is prone to occur in children who are excessively exposed to fluoride between 20 and 30 months of age. The critical period of exposure is between 1 to 4 years old, Kids are no longer at risk after 8 years.
Dental Fluorosis Causes:

  • Increased fluoride content in the drinking water
  • Using high fluoride containing dentifrices and mouth washes.
  • Inappropriate use of fluoride supplements.
  • Processed food made with fluoridated water.

Teeth are composed of hydroxyapatite and carbonated hydroxyapatite.fluoride reacts with these components and form fluorapatite. Dental fluorosis reflects an increasing porosity of the surface and subsurface enamel, causing the enamel to appear opaque.

The severity of dental fluorosis depends on age of child, bone growth, nutrition and amount of fluoride exposure.

Dental Fluorosis Classification:

Dental fluorosis classified into 6 types depends on severity. These are classified based on teeth appearance as below

  1. Normal-smooth: Glossy,pale creamy white,translucent surface
  2. Questionable- A few white spots
  3. Very mild- Small opaque,paper white areas covering less than 25% of tooth surface
  4. Mild- Opaque white areas covering less than 50% of tooth surface
  5. Moderate- All tooth surfaces affected,marked wear on biting surfaces,brown stains may be present.
  6. Severe- All tooth surfaces affected,discrete confluent pitting,brown stains present

Dental Fluorosis Prevention

  • Keep all fluoride containing products such as tooth paste,mouth rinses,and supplements out of the reach of children
  • Check the fluoride concentration in the drinking water
  • Avoid over intake of fluoride supplements
  • Only place a pea sized amount of tooth paste on your childs tooth brush.teach ur child to spit out after brushing instead of swallowing it.
  • Use appropriate dose levels and timing ofc fluoride exposure for prevention and control of dental caries and dental fluorosis.

Dental Fluorosis Treatment:
Treatment for Superficial Staining

  • Tooth bleaching
  • Microabrasion

Treatment for more unaesthetic conditions like brown stains on the anterior teeth

  • Composite Restorations
  • Porcelain Veneers(artificial crown)

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Why to Brush Twice a Day And How to?

brush twiceSo many people knows the answer that it is necessary, but only few follows the good habit. It takes only 2 minutes, even though we neglect this simple daily routine. It is very effective in maintaining the good oral hygiene.

We all know that prevention is better than make it as a will give healthy smile. Brushing daily twice reduces the decay formation, bad breath, bleeding from gums.

Select the Right Tooth Brush
Brush your teeth twice a day with soft bristled brush. The size and shape of brush should fit your mouth allowing to reach all areas easily. Replace your tooth brush every 3 or 4 months or sooner, if the bristles are frayed.

How much Time for Brushing!
We should brush for atleast 2 minutes. Most people fall short of the time. We should divide your mouth into 4 sections and spend 30 seconds on each. Increased brushing time will result in sore gums. Be gentle, it doesn’t take lot of force to remove plaque.

Brushing teeth is only a part of a complete oral care routine. We should also make sure to clean between teeth daily with floss or an interdental cleaner. This helps to remove plaque and food particles from between the teeth and under the gum line. Tooth brush cannot reach these places.

Taking care of your teeth and gums is not just about preventing decay or bad breath. Mouth is a gate way into your body it may effect overall health. Gum diseases and other health problems may be linked, so brushing and flossing are more important than ever.

Taking care of our teeth and brushing them regularly is way better than experiencing the treatment sitting on the dentist’s chair. Make it as a habit and always enjoy the healthy smiles.