The greatest incidence of trauma to the primary dentition occurs at 2 to 3 years of age. Accidents within and around the home were the major source of injury to the primary dentition. The most commonly injured teeth are upper central incisors.
The two parts of tooth are crown and root. The white part appears in the mouth is crown and the root can’t be seen normally because it is located in the alveolar bone. The outer layer of crown is enamel. Enamel is white in color and it is more mineralized. Dentin is present below the enamel. Dentin is in yellow color and it is less mineralized than enamel. Pulp is present beneath the dentin. Pulp and dentin have nerve supply while enamel has no nerve supply. A minor tooth fracture usually involves enamel only. A deeper fracture can involve both enamel and dentin. A serious fracture exposes both dentin and pulp tissue.
Tooth Fracture Causes in Children?
Tooth fracture often occurs in children or sports related injuries. Chipped or broken teeth are quite common in kids. A minor tooth fracture usually involves chipping of the enamel only and tooth position will not change. The most common injuries to permanent teeth occur secondary to falls, sports, traffic accidents, violence
- Sporty preschooler who gets knocked in the mouth by a ball
- Curious youngster who crunches on hard candy
- Various types of indoor falls
- Bicycle accidents
- While playing games such as football, baseball, kabbadi
- Fighting between children
- Fracture may occur by chance such as being hit by an opening door
- Children who aggressively grinds their teeth in sleep
- Crunch on hard ice cubes
- Cavities that weaken the teeth
- Chewing or biting down on hard objects such as pencils, pens
- Abused or neglected child who have suffered serious physical abuse
What are the Risk factors for the Tooth Fracture?
Some factors can increase the risk of toothy fractures those are
- Proclination of upper front teeth. Due to Proclination upper front teeth are more prone for fractures. Children with proclined teeth have more risk for tooth fracture than children with normal teeth alignment.
- Incomplete lip closure is another risk factor for the tooth fracture.