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Viva Question and Answers Related to Complications During Tooth Extraction

Tooth extraction, also known as dental extraction or dental removal, is a dental procedure in which a tooth is removed from its socket in the jawbone

Below are 50 potential viva questions and answers related to complications during tooth extraction:

  1. Question: What are the common complications associated with tooth extractions? Answer: Common complications include bleeding, infection, and nerve injury.
  2. Question: How do you manage bleeding during a tooth extraction? Answer: Apply direct pressure with sterile gauze, use hemostatic agents, and consider sutures if necessary.
  3. Question: What is the significance of proper preoperative assessment in preventing complications? Answer: A thorough assessment helps identify potential risks, such as bleeding disorders or systemic conditions, and allows for appropriate precautions.
  4. Question: How can you prevent postoperative infection after a tooth extraction? Answer: Prescribe antibiotics as needed, provide postoperative instructions for good oral hygiene, and consider the patient’s medical history.
  5. Question: What signs indicate the presence of infection after a tooth extraction? Answer: Swelling, redness, warmth, and purulent discharge may indicate infection. Viva question and answers related to different types of Dental burs
  6. Question: How do you manage a postoperative infection following tooth extraction? Answer: Prescribe antibiotics, perform incision and drainage if necessary, and reassess the patient.
  7. Question: Describe the steps to minimize the risk of nerve injury during extraction. Answer: Identify the anatomy, use proper technique, and consider radiographic evaluation to visualize the nerve’s position.
  8. Question: What is the risk of damaging adjacent teeth during extraction, and how can it be minimized? Answer: Proper instrumentation, careful manipulation, and using appropriate force help minimize the risk of damaging adjacent teeth.
  9. Question: How do you manage a fractured root during extraction? Answer: Remove the root fragment carefully, assess adjacent structures, and consider the need for sutures or grafting.
  10. Question: Discuss the complications associated with impacted third molars. Answer: Impacted third molars can lead to infection, cyst formation, and damage to adjacent structures, requiring careful surgical management. viva question and answers in blood pressure while doing tooth extraction
  11. Question: How do you handle a situation where a tooth breaks during extraction? Answer: Retrieve the fractured pieces, assess the surrounding tissues, and consider additional measures such as socket preservation.
  12. Question: What precautions should be taken in patients with a history of cardiovascular disease? Answer: Consult with the patient’s physician, obtain a thorough medical history, and consider antibiotic prophylaxis based on guidelines.
  13. Question: Can tooth extraction lead to sinus complications, and how can they be prevented? Answer: Yes, sinus complications may occur, and preventive measures include careful assessment of root proximity to the sinus and appropriate technique.
  14. Question: How do you manage a sinus perforation during tooth extraction? Answer: Inform the patient, consider referral to a specialist, and if necessary, perform a sinus graft.
  15. Question: Discuss the risk factors for dry socket (alveolar osteitis) and its management. Answer: Risk factors include smoking, poor oral hygiene, and traumatic extractions. Management involves irrigation, packing, and pain control. Viva Question and Answers related to Blood pressure
  16. Question: When is immediate implant placement indicated, and what complications can arise? Answer: Immediate implant placement is indicated in certain cases, and complications may include infection, implant failure, or esthetic issues.
  17. Question: How do you manage a patient who develops paresthesia after tooth extraction? Answer: Monitor the patient, prescribe medications for nerve pain, and refer to a specialist if necessary.
  18. Question: What precautions should be taken in patients with diabetes undergoing tooth extraction? Answer: Ensure glycemic control, coordinate with the patient’s endocrinologist, and monitor for signs of infection.
  19. Question: Can anticoagulant therapy affect tooth extraction, and how do you manage it? Answer: Yes, it can increase bleeding risk. Consult with the patient’s physician, consider adjusting medication, and use hemostatic measures during extraction.
  20. Question: What role does informed consent play in preventing complications? Answer: Informed consent ensures that patients are aware of potential risks, benefits, and alternatives, helping to minimize legal and ethical issues. Viva Questions and Answers Related to the Maxilla and Mandible:
  21. Question: How do you manage a patient with a history of bisphosphonate use? Answer: Consult with the patient’s physician, consider drug holiday, and monitor for signs of osteonecrosis.
  22. Question: Discuss the importance of accurate radiographic assessment in preventing complications. Answer: Radiographs help identify root morphology, proximity to vital structures, and potential complications, aiding in treatment planning.
  23. Question: Can allergic reactions occur during or after tooth extraction, and how are they managed? Answer: Yes, allergic reactions may occur. Identify allergens, administer appropriate medications, and monitor the patient closely.
  24. Question: How do you manage a patient with a bleeding disorder requiring tooth extraction? Answer: Consult with a hematologist, consider preoperative clotting factor replacement, and use hemostatic measures during and after extraction.
  25. Question: What steps can be taken to prevent postoperative pain after tooth extraction? Answer: Prescribe appropriate pain medications, provide clear postoperative instructions, and consider local anesthesia techniques. viva question and answers related to anterior and posterior teeth crown cutting
  26. Question: How does smoking affect the healing process after tooth extraction? Answer: Smoking can impair healing, increase infection risk, and delay tissue repair. Advise patients to quit smoking preoperatively.
  27. Question: Discuss the importance of atraumatic extraction techniques in preventing complications. Answer: Atraumatic techniques minimize tissue damage, reduce postoperative pain, and promote faster healing.
  28. Question: Can psychological factors influence the outcome of tooth extraction? Answer: Yes, anxiety and fear can affect patient cooperation, pain perception, and postoperative compliance. Consider preoperative counseling or sedation if needed.
  29. Question: How do you manage a patient with a compromised immune system undergoing tooth extraction? Answer: Coordinate with the patient’s immunologist, prescribe appropriate prophylactic antibiotics, and closely monitor for signs of infection.
  30. Question: What is the significance of proper postoperative follow-up in preventing complications? Answer: Follow-up allows for early detection and management of complications, ensuring optimal healing and patient satisfaction. Viva Question and Answers Related to Complete Dentures
  31. Question: Can occlusal trauma result from tooth extraction, and how can it be minimized? Answer: Yes, occlusal trauma may occur. Minimize force during extraction, assess occlusion, and consider occlusal adjustments if needed.
  32. Question: Discuss the risk of postoperative swelling and how to manage it. Answer: Postoperative swelling is common. Use cold packs, prescribe anti-inflammatory medications, and advise patients on head elevation.
  33. Question: Can a tooth extraction lead to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) issues, and how can they be prevented? Answer: Yes, extraction can influence TMJ function. Use proper technique, consider joint precautions, and monitor for signs of TMJ dysfunction.
  34. Question: How does the patient’s age impact the risk of complications during tooth extraction? Answer: Older patients may have reduced healing capacity and increased medication sensitivity. Adjust treatment plans accordingly and monitor closely.
  35. Question: Discuss the role of proper instrument selection in preventing complications. Answer: Using appropriate instruments minimizes tissue trauma, reduces the risk of fractures, and ensures efficient extraction. Potential Viva Question and Answers Related to Vitamins
  36. Question: How do you manage a patient with a history of radiation therapy undergoing tooth extraction? Answer: Coordinate with the patient’s oncologist, consider hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and closely monitor for delayed healing.
  37. Question: Can a tooth extraction lead to psychological complications, and how can they be addressed? Answer: Anxiety, fear, or depression may arise. Provide emotional support, consider preoperative counseling, and involve mental health professionals if needed.
  38. Question: Discuss the impact of systemic medications on the risk of complications. Answer: Medications such as corticosteroids or immunosuppressants can influence healing. Coordinate with the patient’s physician and adjust treatment plans accordingly.
  39. Question: How do you manage a patient with a history of previous failed extractions? Answer: Identify the reasons for failure, use alternative techniques, and consider referral to a specialist if needed.
  40. Question: Can tooth extraction result in postoperative fever, and how should it be managed? Answer: Yes, fever may indicate infection. Prescribe antibiotics, monitor the patient, and consider further evaluation if fever persists.
  41. Question: What precautions should be taken in pregnant patients requiring tooth extraction? Answer: Consult with the patient’s obstetrician, use minimal anesthesia, and avoid unnecessary medications during the first trimester.
  42. Question: Can an improperly managed dry socket lead to further complications? Answer: Yes, it can lead to prolonged pain, delayed healing, and secondary infection. Proper management includes irrigation and dressing changes.
  43. Question: How do you handle a situation where a tooth root is displaced into the maxillary sinus? Answer: Inform the patient, consider referral to a specialist, and evaluate the need for sinus surgery to retrieve the root.
  44. Question: Discuss the importance of maintaining a sterile surgical field during tooth extraction. Answer: A sterile field minimizes the risk of infection and promotes optimal healing. Follow strict aseptic techniques throughout the procedure.
  45. Question: Can a tooth extraction lead to malocclusion, and how can it be prevented? Answer: Improper extraction techniques or failure to address occlusion can result in malocclusion. Proper planning and technique minimize this risk.  Viva Question and Answers Related to Tooth Fractures
  46. Question: What role does the choice of anesthesia play in preventing complications during extraction? Answer: Proper anesthesia ensures patient comfort and cooperation, reducing the risk of complications related to pain perception and anxiety.
  47. Question: Can a patient develop allergies to materials used during tooth extraction, such as sutures or hemostatic agents? Answer: Yes, allergies may occur. Inquire about known allergies, choose materials carefully, and monitor for any adverse reactions.
  48. Question: How do you manage a patient with a history of jaw osteonecrosis undergoing tooth extraction? Answer: Coordinate with the patient’s physician, consider hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and closely monitor for signs of osteonecrosis.
  49. Question: What precautions should be taken in patients with a history of substance abuse undergoing tooth extraction? Answer: Assess the patient’s current status, consult with addiction specialists if needed, and consider additional precautions for pain management.
  50. Question: Can a tooth extraction result in psychological trauma for the patient, and how can it be addressed? Answer: Yes, patients may experience anxiety or fear. Provide emotional support, communicate effectively, and consider referral to mental health professionals if necessary. 30 viva question and answers in Dentin sensitivity

 

 

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