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Viva Question and Answers Related to Reproductive System

Here are 50 viva questions and answers related to the reproductive system:

  1. Q: What is the primary function of the reproductive system? A: The primary function is to produce offspring and ensure the continuity of the species.
  2. Q: What are the male reproductive organs? A: The male reproductive organs include the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, and penis.
  3. Q: Where are the testes located? A: The testes are located in the scrotum.
  4. Q: What is the role of the epididymis? A: The epididymis stores and matures sperm cells.
  5. Q: What is spermatogenesis? A: Spermatogenesis is the process of sperm cell formation in the testes.
  6. Q: Name the female reproductive organs. A: The female reproductive organs include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and vagina.
  7. Q: Where does fertilization usually occur? A: Fertilization typically occurs in the fallopian tubes.
  8. Q: What is the menstrual cycle? A: The menstrual cycle is a series of changes in the female reproductive system, involving the release of an egg and the preparation of the uterus for a potential pregnancy.
  9. Q: What is ovulation? A: Ovulation is the release of an egg from the ovary.
  10. Q: What is the purpose of the uterus? A: The uterus provides a nourishing environment for a fertilized egg to develop into a fetus.
  11. Q: What is the cervix? A: The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.
  12. Q: What are the female external genitalia called? A: The female external genitalia are called the vulva.
  13. Q: What is the menstrual flow composed of? A: The menstrual flow consists of blood, mucus, and tissue shed from the uterus.
  14. Q: What is the role of estrogen in the menstrual cycle? A: Estrogen is responsible for the development of secondary sexual characteristics and the regulation of the menstrual cycle.
  15. Q: What is the purpose of progesterone in the menstrual cycle? A: Progesterone helps prepare the uterus for pregnancy and maintains the uterine lining. Viva Question and Answers Related to Protein Metabolism
  16. Q: Define fertilization. A: Fertilization is the fusion of a sperm cell with an egg cell, resulting in the formation of a zygote.
  17. Q: What is a zygote? A: A zygote is the initial cell formed by the union of sperm and egg during fertilization.
  18. Q: What is the menstrual period? A: The menstrual period is the phase of the menstrual cycle when the uterine lining is shed.
  19. Q: What is the function of the fallopian tubes? A: The fallopian tubes transport eggs from the ovaries to the uterus and provide the site for fertilization.
  20. Q: What is the role of the vas deferens in males? A: The vas deferens carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra.
  21. Q: What is an ectopic pregnancy? A: An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes.
  22. Q: Define menopause. A: Menopause is the natural cessation of menstruation and fertility in women, typically occurring around the age of 50.
  23. Q: What is the purpose of the scrotum? A: The scrotum houses and protects the testes, maintaining a temperature suitable for sperm production.
  24. Q: What is the corpus luteum? A: The corpus luteum is a temporary structure formed from the ruptured follicle after ovulation, producing progesterone. Viva Question and Answers Related to Virology
  25. Q: How is the menstrual cycle regulated? A: The menstrual cycle is regulated by hormonal signals, primarily from the pituitary gland and the ovaries.
  26. Q: What is the role of the placenta during pregnancy? A: The placenta provides nutrients and oxygen to the developing fetus and removes waste products.
  27. Q: What is the purpose of the amniotic fluid? A: Amniotic fluid protects the fetus and allows for its free movement within the amniotic sac.
  28. Q: Explain the role of oxytocin during childbirth. A: Oxytocin stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth and facilitates milk ejection during breastfeeding.
  29. Q: What is the role of the Cowper’s gland in males? A: Cowper’s gland secretes a pre-ejaculate fluid that neutralizes acidity in the urethra, preparing it for sperm passage.
  30. Q: What is the hymen? A: The hymen is a thin membrane at the entrance of the vagina that may partially cover it in some females.
  31. Q: How does the menstrual cycle relate to the lunar cycle? A: The menstrual cycle and lunar cycle are not directly linked, though some cultures historically associated them due to similar durations.
  32. Q: What is the role of the seminiferous tubules in the testes? A: Seminiferous tubules are responsible for sperm production through spermatogenesis. Viva Question and Answers Related to Hypersensitivity Reactions
  33. Q: Define contraception. A: Contraception refers to methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy.
  34. Q: What is the purpose of the vasectomy procedure? A: Vasectomy is a surgical procedure for male sterilization, preventing the release of sperm during ejaculation.
  35. Q: Explain the concept of in vitro fertilization (IVF). A: IVF involves combining an egg and sperm outside the body and implanting the fertilized embryo into the uterus.
  36. Q: What is the role of the FSH hormone in the menstrual cycle? A: Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) stimulates the development of follicles in the ovaries.
  37. Q: What is a gestational surrogate? A: A gestational surrogate carries a pregnancy for another person or couple, using an embryo created through in vitro fertilization.
  38. Q: Describe the structure of the sperm cell. A: Sperm cells consist of a head containing genetic material, a midpiece with mitochondria for energy, and a tail for movement.
  39. Q: What is the purpose of the mucus plug during pregnancy? A: The mucus plug seals the cervix, protecting the uterus from infection during pregnancy. Viva Question and Answers Related to Instruments Used in Periodontics
  40. Q: What is the role of the prostate gland in males? A: The prostate gland produces a fluid that nourishes and protects sperm, contributing to semen.
  41. Q: Explain the concept of the menstrual cup. A: A menstrual cup is a reusable device inserted into the vagina to collect menstrual blood.
  42. Q: What is the role of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) during pregnancy? A: hCG supports the corpus luteum, ensuring the production of progesterone to maintain pregnancy.
  43. Q: Define endometriosis. A: Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus.
  44. Q: What is the purpose of the luteal phase in the menstrual cycle? A: The luteal phase prepares the uterine lining for the potential implantation of a fertilized egg.
  45. Q: Explain the role of the leydig cells in the testes. A: Leydig cells produce testosterone, contributing to the development of male secondary sexual characteristics.
  46. Q: What is the function of the seminal vesicles in males? A: Seminal vesicles produce a fluid rich in fructose, providing energy for sperm.
  47. Q: Describe the process of labor and childbirth. A: Labor involves the rhythmic contractions of the uterus, leading to the dilation of the cervix and the eventual delivery of the baby.
  48. Q: What is the purpose of the hymen in the reproductive system? A: The function of the hymen is not entirely clear, and it varies among individuals; it may partially cover the vaginal opening.
  49. Q: What is the role of the luteinizing hormone (LH) in the menstrual cycle? A: LH triggers ovulation and the formation of the corpus luteum in the ovaries.
  50. Q: Explain the concept of tubal ligation. A: Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure for female sterilization, involving the blocking or sealing of the fallopian tubes to prevent the passage of eggs.** Viva Question and Answers Related to Cardiovascular System

These questions cover various aspects of the reproductive system, providing a comprehensive understanding of both male and female reproductive anatomy, physiology, and related topics.

 

 

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