You are here: Home » Dental Care » Viva Questions and Answers Related to Diabetes

Viva Questions and Answers Related to Diabetes

Here are 50 potential viva questions and answers related to diabetes:

  1. What is diabetes?
    • Answer: Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose levels due to either insufficient insulin production or ineffective use of insulin by the body.
  2. What are the main types of diabetes?
    • Answer: The main types of diabetes are Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes.
  3. Explain Type 1 diabetes.
    • Answer: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, leading to little to no insulin production.
  4. Describe Type 2 diabetes.
    • Answer: Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance, where the body’s cells do not respond effectively to insulin, and insufficient insulin production by the pancreas.
  5. What is insulin, and what is its role in diabetes?
    • Answer: Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates blood glucose levels by facilitating the uptake of glucose into cells. In diabetes, there is either a deficiency of insulin or a resistance to its effects.
  6. How is diabetes diagnosed?
    • Answer: Diabetes is diagnosed through blood tests such as fasting blood glucose, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and HbA1c levels.
  7. What is HbA1c, and how is it used in diabetes management?
    • Answer: HbA1c, or glycated hemoglobin, reflects the average blood glucose levels over the past 2-3 months. It is used as a long-term indicator of blood sugar control in diabetes.
  8. Discuss the symptoms of diabetes.
    • Answer: Common symptoms include excessive thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, and blurred vision.
  9. What is the role of diet in diabetes management?
    • Answer: Diet plays a crucial role in diabetes management by controlling blood glucose levels. It involves monitoring carbohydrate intake, choosing complex carbohydrates, and maintaining a balanced diet.
  10. How does physical activity benefit individuals with diabetes?
    • Answer: Regular physical activity helps improve insulin sensitivity, lowers blood glucose levels, and contributes to overall health and weight management in individuals with diabetes.
  11. Explain the concept of insulin resistance.
  12. What are the risk factors for developing Type 2 diabetes?
    • Answer: Risk factors include obesity, sedentary lifestyle, family history of diabetes, age, and certain ethnicities.
  13. How is insulin administered in diabetes management?
    • Answer: Insulin can be administered via injections or insulin pumps. The choice depends on the individual’s needs and preferences.
  14. Discuss the importance of monitoring blood glucose levels.
    • Answer: Regular monitoring helps individuals with diabetes understand their blood glucose patterns, make informed decisions about diet and medication, and maintain optimal control.
  15. What is hypoglycemia, and how is it managed in diabetes?
    • Answer: Hypoglycemia is low blood glucose levels. It is managed by consuming fast-acting carbohydrates, such as glucose tablets or juice, to raise blood sugar quickly.
  16. Explain the relationship between diabetes and cardiovascular complications.
    • Answer: Diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular complications such as heart disease and stroke due to factors like high blood pressure and abnormal lipid profiles.
  17. What is diabetic neuropathy?
    • Answer: Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur in individuals with diabetes, leading to symptoms like tingling, numbness, and pain, usually in the extremities.
  18. How does diabetes affect the kidneys?
    • Answer: Diabetes can lead to diabetic nephropathy, a condition where prolonged high blood glucose levels damage the kidneys, potentially resulting in kidney failure.
  19. Discuss the role of medications in diabetes management.
    • Answer: Medications for diabetes include oral hypoglycemic agents, insulin, and other drugs that help control blood glucose levels. The choice depends on the type and severity of diabetes.
  20. What is the importance of foot care in diabetes?
    • Answer: Individuals with diabetes are prone to foot complications due to nerve damage and poor circulation. Proper foot care, including regular inspections and wearing appropriate footwear, is crucial to prevent complications. Viva Question and Answers Related to the Skull
  21. How does stress impact blood glucose levels in individuals with diabetes?
    • Answer: Stress can elevate blood glucose levels in individuals with diabetes due to the release of stress hormones. Stress management techniques are essential for diabetes care.
  22. Explain the concept of the dawn phenomenon in diabetes.
    • Answer: The dawn phenomenon refers to the natural increase in blood glucose levels in the early morning hours, often observed in individuals with diabetes due to hormonal changes.
  23. What is the role of the pancreas in diabetes?
    • Answer: The pancreas produces insulin, which regulates blood glucose levels. In diabetes, there is dysfunction in insulin production or utilization.
  24. How does pregnancy impact diabetes management, especially in gestational diabetes?
    • Answer: Pregnancy can lead to changes in insulin sensitivity, and gestational diabetes may develop. Proper management is essential to prevent complications for both the mother and the baby.
  25. Discuss the importance of regular eye exams in diabetes.
    • Answer: Regular eye exams are crucial in diabetes to detect and manage diabetic retinopathy, a condition that can lead to vision impairment or blindness.
  26. What is the role of glucagon in diabetes?
    • Answer: Glucagon is a hormone that raises blood glucose levels by promoting the release of glucose from the liver. It works in opposition to insulin.
  27. How can a person prevent the development of Type 2 diabetes?
  28. Discuss the impact of alcohol on blood glucose levels in individuals with diabetes.
    • Answer: Alcohol can affect blood glucose levels, and moderation is key. It’s important to monitor glucose levels, especially for those on medication that may interact with alcohol.
  29. What is the role of the glycemic index in diabetes management?
    • Answer: The glycemic index measures how quickly carbohydrates in food raise blood glucose levels. Choosing low glycemic index foods can help manage blood sugar levels.
  30. Explain the concept of insulin pumps and their use in diabetes management.
    • Answer: Insulin pumps are devices that deliver a continuous supply of insulin. They can provide more precise control over blood glucose levels and offer convenience compared to injections.
  31. How does smoking contribute to the complications of diabetes?
    • Answer: Smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular complications, which is already elevated in individuals with diabetes. It also impairs blood flow, affecting wound healing and increasing the risk of infections.
  32. Discuss the importance of regular dental care in individuals with diabetes.
    • Answer: Diabetes can affect oral health, increasing the risk of gum disease. Regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene are crucial for overall well-being.
  33. What is diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), and how is it managed?
    • Answer: DKA is a serious complication of diabetes characterized by the buildup of ketones in the blood. It requires urgent medical attention and is typically treated with insulin and fluid replacement.
  34. How does obesity contribute to the development of Type 2 diabetes?
    • Answer: Obesity is a significant risk factor for Type 2 diabetes as excess body fat, especially around the abdomen, can lead to insulin resistance.
  35. Explain the role of the liver in glucose regulation and its relevance to diabetes.
  36. Discuss the concept of insulin pens and their advantages in diabetes management.
    • Answer: Insulin pens are convenient and portable devices for administering insulin. They offer ease of use, dose accuracy, and are preferred by many individuals with diabetes.
  37. How does sleep quality and duration impact blood glucose levels in diabetes?
    • Answer: Poor sleep quality and insufficient sleep can affect insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism, potentially leading to elevated blood glucose levels.
  38. What is the role of glucocorticoids in diabetes management, and how do they impact blood glucose levels?
    • Answer: Glucocorticoids, such as prednisone, can elevate blood glucose levels by promoting gluconeogenesis and reducing insulin sensitivity. Close monitoring and adjustments in diabetes management may be necessary when using these medications.
  39. Discuss the concept of insulin resistance in gestational diabetes.
    • Answer: Insulin resistance may increase during pregnancy, leading to gestational diabetes. Close monitoring and appropriate management are essential to prevent complications for both the mother and the baby.
  40. Explain the concept of “honeymoon phase” in Type 1 diabetes.
    • Answer: The honeymoon phase refers to a temporary period after the diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes when the remaining insulin-producing cells in the pancreas continue to function to some extent. During this phase, insulin requirements may be lower. Viva Question and Answers Related to Dental Anatomy
  41. What is the role of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in diabetes management?
    • Answer: CGM provides real-time information about blood glucose levels, helping individuals with diabetes make more informed decisions about diet, exercise, and insulin administration.
  42. Discuss the impact of diabetes on the immune system.
    • Answer: Diabetes can compromise the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections. Proper diabetes management is crucial to maintain overall health.
  43. How do medications like metformin work in diabetes management?
    • Answer: Metformin helps lower blood glucose levels by reducing glucose production in the liver, improving insulin sensitivity, and slowing glucose absorption in the intestines.
  44. What is the significance of regular kidney function tests in diabetes management?
    • Answer: Regular kidney function tests, such as serum creatinine and glomerular filtration rate (GFR), are important to detect and manage diabetic nephropathy.
  45. Discuss the potential complications of uncontrolled diabetes during pregnancy.
  46. Explain the concept of insulin resistance in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
    • Answer: Insulin resistance is common in women with PCOS, contributing to hormonal imbalances. Management involves addressing insulin resistance through lifestyle changes and sometimes medications.
  47. What is the role of the gut microbiome in diabetes?
    • Answer: Emerging research suggests a link between the gut microbiome and diabetes. A balanced gut microbiome may contribute to better metabolic health.
  48. Discuss the impact of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on insulin sensitivity.
    • Answer: HIIT has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism, making it a beneficial exercise strategy for individuals with diabetes.
  49. How does aging affect the risk and management of diabetes?
    • Answer: Aging is a risk factor for Type 2 diabetes. Management may require adjustments due to factors such as changes in metabolism and coexisting health conditions.
  50. Explain the concept of insulin glargine and its role in diabetes management.
    • Answer: Insulin glargine is a long-acting insulin analog used to provide a basal insulin level, helping to control blood glucose levels throughout the day and night. It is often used in combination with short-acting insulins for mealtime coverage. Viva Questions and Answers Related to Antihypertensive Drugs

These questions cover a range of topics related to diabetes, and the answers provided offer a comprehensive understanding of the subject. It’s important to note that specific details may vary based on the latest research and medical guidelines.

Leave a Reply