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Viva Questions Related to Features of Different Anemias

Here are 50 viva questions and answers related to the features of different types of anemias:

  1. What is anemia?
    • Anemia is a medical condition characterized by a deficiency in the number or quality of red blood cells or in the hemoglobin concentration of the blood.
  2. What are the common symptoms of anemia?
    • Fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, pale skin, dizziness, cold hands and feet, headache, and chest pain are common symptoms of anemia.
  3. What are the different types of anemia?
    • Anemia can be classified into various types such as iron deficiency anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, folate deficiency anemia, hemolytic anemia, aplastic anemia, and sickle cell anemia, among others.
  4. What is iron deficiency anemia?
  5. What are the causes of iron deficiency anemia?
    • Inadequate dietary intake of iron, blood loss due to menstruation or internal bleeding, and poor absorption of iron in the gastrointestinal tract are common causes of iron deficiency anemia.
  6. How is iron deficiency anemia diagnosed?
    • Diagnosis is typically made through blood tests, including a complete blood count (CBC) and serum ferritin levels.
  7. What is the treatment for iron deficiency anemia?
    • Treatment often involves iron supplementation and dietary changes to increase iron intake.
  8. What is vitamin B12 deficiency anemia?
    • Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia occurs when the body lacks sufficient vitamin B12, which is necessary for the production of red blood cells.
  9. What are the causes of vitamin B12 deficiency anemia?
    • Causes include inadequate dietary intake of vitamin B12 (common in vegetarians and vegans), malabsorption disorders (such as pernicious anemia), and certain medications.
  10. How is vitamin B12 deficiency anemia diagnosed?
    • Diagnosis is typically made through blood tests to measure serum vitamin B12 levels and assess red blood cell morphology.
  11. What is the treatment for vitamin B12 deficiency anemia?
  12. What is folate deficiency anemia?
    • Folate deficiency anemia occurs when the body lacks sufficient folate (vitamin B9), which is essential for red blood cell production.
  13. What are the causes of folate deficiency anemia?
    • Causes include inadequate dietary intake of folate, malabsorption disorders, excessive alcohol consumption, and certain medications.
  14. How is folate deficiency anemia diagnosed?
    • Diagnosis is typically made through blood tests to measure serum folate levels and assess red blood cell morphology.
  15. What is the treatment for folate deficiency anemia?
    • Treatment involves folate supplementation and dietary changes to increase folate intake.
  16. What is hemolytic anemia?
    • Hemolytic anemia is a condition characterized by the premature destruction of red blood cells, leading to a deficiency.
  17. What are the causes of hemolytic anemia?
    • Causes can be inherited (as in sickle cell disease) or acquired (resulting from infections, autoimmune disorders, or certain medications).
  18. How is hemolytic anemia diagnosed?
  19. What is the treatment for hemolytic anemia?
    • Treatment depends on the underlying cause but may include medications to suppress the immune system, blood transfusions, and in severe cases, splenectomy.
  20. What is aplastic anemia?
    • Aplastic anemia is a rare condition characterized by the failure of the bone marrow to produce an adequate number of blood cells.
  21. What are the causes of aplastic anemia?
    • Causes include exposure to toxins, radiation, certain medications, viral infections, and autoimmune disorders.
  22. How is aplastic anemia diagnosed?
    • Diagnosis involves blood tests, bone marrow biopsy, and imaging studies to assess bone marrow function and rule out other conditions.
  23. What is the treatment for aplastic anemia?
    • Treatment may include blood transfusions, immunosuppressive therapy, and bone marrow transplantation.
  24. What is sickle cell anemia?
    • Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by the presence of abnormal hemoglobin, which causes red blood cells to become rigid and sickle-shaped.
  25. What are the symptoms of sickle cell anemia?
    • Symptoms include episodes of pain (sickle cell crisis), fatigue, jaundice, delayed growth, and increased susceptibility to infections.
  26. How is sickle cell anemia diagnosed?
    • Diagnosis is typically made through blood tests to identify the presence of abnormal hemoglobin (hemoglobin S) and genetic testing.
  27. What is the treatment for sickle cell anemia?
  28. What are the complications of sickle cell anemia?
    • Complications include acute chest syndrome, stroke, organ damage, and chronic pain.
  29. What is thalassemia?
    • Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal hemoglobin production, leading to decreased production of normal red blood cells.
  30. What are the types of thalassemia?
    • Thalassemia can be classified as alpha thalassemia and beta thalassemia, depending on which part of the hemoglobin molecule is affected.
  31. What are the symptoms of thalassemia?
    • Symptoms vary depending on the severity of the condition but may include fatigue, weakness, pale skin, jaundice, and bone deformities.
  32. How is thalassemia diagnosed?
    • Diagnosis is typically made through blood tests, including a complete blood count (CBC), hemoglobin electrophoresis, and genetic testing.
  33. What is the treatment for thalassemia?
  34. What is G6PD deficiency?
    • Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is an inherited disorder that affects the red blood cells, leading to their destruction in response to certain triggers.
  35. What are the symptoms of G6PD deficiency?
    • Symptoms include episodes of hemolytic anemia triggered by infections, certain medications, or consumption of fava beans.
  36. How is G6PD deficiency diagnosed?
    • Diagnosis is typically made through blood tests to measure G6PD enzyme activity and genetic testing.
  37. What is the treatment for G6PD deficiency?
    • Treatment involves avoiding triggers that can cause hemolysis and managing symptoms during hemolytic episodes.
  38. What is hereditary spherocytosis?
  39. What are the symptoms of hereditary spherocytosis?
    • Symptoms include anemia, jaundice, enlarged spleen, and gallstones.
  40. How is hereditary spherocytosis diagnosed?
    • Diagnosis is typically made through blood tests, including a complete blood count (CBC), blood smear examination, and osmotic fragility test.
  41. What is the treatment for hereditary spherocytosis?
    • Treatment may include folic acid supplementation, blood transfusions, and in severe cases, splenectomy.
  42. What is autoimmune hemolytic anemia?
    • Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a condition in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own red blood cells, leading to their destruction.
  43. What are the causes of autoimmune hemolytic anemia?
    • Causes may include autoimmune disorders, certain medications, infections, and malignancies.
  44. How is autoimmune hemolytic anemia diagnosed?
  45. What is the treatment for autoimmune hemolytic anemia?
    • Treatment may include corticosteroids to suppress the immune response, immunosuppressive therapy, and in severe cases, splenectomy.
  46. What is megaloblastic anemia?
    • Megaloblastic anemia is a type of anemia characterized by the presence of unusually large and immature red blood cells called megaloblasts.
  47. What are the causes of megaloblastic anemia?
    • Causes include vitamin B12 deficiency, folate deficiency, and certain medications that interfere with DNA synthesis.
  48. How is megaloblastic anemia diagnosed?
    • Diagnosis is typically made through blood tests, including a complete blood count (CBC), serum vitamin B12 and folate levels, and bone marrow biopsy if needed.
  49. What is the treatment for megaloblastic anemia?
    • Treatment involves addressing the underlying cause with vitamin B12 or folate supplementation and dietary changes.
  50. How does anemia affect the body?
    • Anemia leads to decreased oxygen delivery to tissues and organs, resulting in symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, and impaired physical and cognitive function. Severe or untreated anemia can lead to complications such as organ damage and heart failure. Viva Question and Answers Related to Protein Metabolism

 

 

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